Disney celebrates Black history with food, art and entertainment

Stella McDaniel
ExploreDisney’s Genie park planner launches. Here’s how it works

Black culture also includes food, so be sure to look for “Cooking with Soul” menu items — spotlighting authentic dishes and the talented chefs who create them — throughout Walt Disney World Resort, including EPCOT and Disney’s Animal Kingdom.

And while you’re shopping for your obligatory pair of mouse ears to wear home, you can pick up writings by Muhammad Ali, Maya Angelou and other inspiring members of the Black community at Sugarboo & Co.

You can find a detailed list of artists, foods and merchandise on the Disney Parks blog.

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Pearson was at a meeting near downtown Atlanta shortly after her arrival in 1975 as an anchor for WSB-TV when someone there mentioned a name she says paved the way for her landmark career.","_id":"Z6QLZUHOBZEVZKLGZADNYRZLAA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643238705687,"type":"text","content":"Lorenzo “Lo” Jelks, she soon learned, was hired at the station in 1967, becoming the first Black television reporter in Atlanta.","_id":"ZI4U7OI72ZHJXNZOV5UKLZEKMY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1642801871952,"type":"text","content":"“He opened the door for us. He’s my hero,” Pearson, who worked at the station for 37 years, said in an interview.","_id":"5UAOUXM3DNBWLOTA7CZIHPLVCY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643055218715,"type":"text","content":"Jelks is humble about his role in Atlanta’s television history.","_id":"V4ICXSAWAJB4RC3NQZNAONBICE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1642801871953,"type":"text","content":"“Once (WSB) took that opportunity of going with someone green like me, someone who had never been inside a television station, I think perhaps that helped with the other stations,” said Jelks, 82, who lives in the Atlanta area.","_id":"BWD5NTJXYVDTZEM6BPQCEOP4GE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097002,"type":"text","content":"His transition to television wasn’t easy. The station initially didn’t show Jelks’ face on the air, fearing a backlash from some whites. Viewers only saw “Lorenzo Jelks reporting” in white letters in the middle of a black screen.","_id":"2HBXS5A4XFBQBEVARWAE46JBKM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1642801871957,"type":"text","content":"“I didn’t complain about it because I didn’t have any control over it,” he said.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","address":,"syndication":,"caption":"WSB-TV initially didn't show Lo Jelks' face on the air when he was first hired in 1967 for fear of a backlash from white viewers who didn't want to see a Black reporter on the air. Photo Credit: Atlanta Association of Black Journalists.","source":"system":"photo center","name":"AJC","edit_url":"","source_type":"staff","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","taxonomy":"associated_tasks":[],"type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/U2XCH4T2NRCFFIBQ7B3BP2D37M.png","licensable":false,"credits":"affiliation":[],"by":["name":"Photo Contributed","type":"author","byline":"Photo Contributed"],"subtitle":"Lo Jelks WSB screen","width":1356,"_id":"U2XCH4T2NRCFFIBQ7B3BP2D37M","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/resizer/pBDcaY1UQHGOSUfnCSYvyCnNUnY=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2XCH4T2NRCFFIBQ7B3BP2D37M.png","owner":"[email protected]","comments":[],"proxyUrl":"/resizer/pBDcaY1UQHGOSUfnCSYvyCnNUnY=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2XCH4T2NRCFFIBQ7B3BP2D37M.png","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/U2XCH4T2NRCFFIBQ7B3BP2D37M.png","published":true,"resizeUrl":"/resizer/pBDcaY1UQHGOSUfnCSYvyCnNUnY=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2XCH4T2NRCFFIBQ7B3BP2D37M.png","ingestionMethod":"manual","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/G3LLBAZSCFUNMEIRqNS9ygYSVNY=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2XCH4T2NRCFFIBQ7B3BP2D37M.png","version":0,"originalName":"Lo Jelks reporting no video_1356x763.png","mime_type":"image/png","restricted":false,"template_id":594,"galleries":[],"_id":"ZUJONEW5JZET7GOOOSKL424ZBU","created_date":"2022-01-25T22:19:51Z","last_updated_date":"2022-01-25T22:19:51Z","height":762,"image_type":"photograph","_id":"2HBXS5A4XFBQBEVARWAE46JBKM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1642801871957,"type":"text","content":"Jelks’ journey to Atlanta began in St. Petersburg, Fla., where he grew up. Like many broadcast reporters of that time, he started in radio. In 1955, Jelks ran a weekly music show on a local radio station as a high school student.","_id":"RR7RM46RRBBLVLFMNXRO7AJH7U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643055218723,"type":"text","content":"He graduated from Clark College, now called Clark Atlanta University, in 1961 and was operations manager at WIGO-AM, a R&B station, in Atlanta when he get the call from WSB-TV.","_id":"4P5BBNHWHNC3ZDDZOCR7CYH7FA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097009,"type":"text","content":"“He will become the first Negro TV newsman in Atlanta,” his hometown paper, now called The Tampa Bay Times, reported in its June 5, 1967 edition.","_id":"66YEHVQODFBBTN6DYSMEZ7UT3Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097010,"type":"text","content":"His first day of work was June 12.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","address":,"syndication":,"caption":"Lo Jelks, seen here in an undated photo, became Atlanta's first Black television news reporter when he was hired at WSB-TV in 1967. 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President Lyndon Johnson that summer commissioned a report in the wake of riots in several large cities that concluded that the news media generally “failed to report adequately on the causes and consequences of civil disorders and on the under­lying problems of race relations.” The report recommendations included recruiting and training more Black reporters.","_id":"67OOEVZZBFGXPC6LYSXJRN3LWQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097012,"type":"text","content":"WSB managers told Jelks they hired him in part because the station needed a Black reporter. Station officials insisted he would not solely cover news impacting the Black community. Jelks got training on writing for television news.","_id":"6EJNVG7LWBGF3HYH6T4OWAMQWY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097013,"type":"text","content":"Jelks understood the significance of his position. He arrived at work before other reporters to read the newspapers to familiarize himself with the day’s top stories.","_id":"UU2SJ3WFOVBVDNHPH45IADJSVA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097014,"type":"text","content":"“You were watched a lot by the general public. There were people out there who didn’t wish us well at all and hoping we would make all kinds of mistakes,” he recalled.","_id":"RKPJR2DTDZCQTKV4HNZWL3N54Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643207500666,"type":"text","content":"Jelks traveled to other cities with mass transit systems for reports on Atlanta’s plans for what became MARTA. He interviewed Jimmy Carter during his 1970 gubernatorial run. For many, his most memorable assignment was interviewing Ku Klux Klan leaders before a rally at Stone Mountain.","_id":"NRPSOCSKCZCWFBOP5G2HWK4WFY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097016,"type":"text","content":"Other Atlanta news outlets began hiring Black reporters. The Atlanta Journal hired its first Black reporter, Harmon Perry, in 1968. Billye Suber Aaron, Jocelyn Dorsey, Emmanuel Hall, Felicia Jeter and Ron Sailor Sr. became familiar faces across Atlanta’s television screens in the subsequent years following Jelks.","_id":"4NZ27AFCYZGATAGKJPTKN5DT4Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643238705705,"type":"text","content":"Jelks worked at the station until 1976. He returned to his first love, radio, despite offers to become an anchor at the station and entreaties to report for NBC News.","_id":"NPQON33XEFBY7K533OWFKMHWMI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643149867332,"type":"text","content":"He started a radio station, WAUC-AM, developing projects, such as “Campus Spotlight,” which highlighted life and education on historically Black colleges and universities nationwide. Jelks also founded The AUC Digest, a newspaper serving the Atlanta University Center, which he still publishes.","_id":"BPQPSQMQJVBOTP45STUO2UEN3E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097019,"type":"text","content":"Jelks’ son, Ken, playfully said his dad “is fighting retirement.”","_id":"BWD5NTJXYVDTZEM6BPQCEOP4GE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097002,"type":"text","content":"Pearson and family members say Jelks suffers from a severe case of modesty about his impact.","_id":"3BWTXUT5OZG5FEJ67AJ23NIJCE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643138097003,"type":"text","content":"“He made history and he would rather let it become a footnote instead of being a headline,” she said.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","address":,"syndication":,"caption":"Lo Jelks, Atlanta's first Black television news reporter, was hired at WSB-TV in 1967. 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I was literally glowing yellow, and my urine was the color of coffee,” said Lott, who splits her time between Columbus and Atlanta.","_id":"T57KS6VCEJE4VPFPUT3DUHFNXA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643298721542,"type":"text","content":"Sickle cell is a genetic disorder that disproportionately affects Black people and can lead to stroke, organ damage, pregnancy complications and a shortened life span. Understanding and treating the disease ― which Ebony Magazine once called the “Negro Disease” ― is important to an African American community still grappling with its impact.","_id":"HJMOGL2X4JCFVDIMGYGONF7HLE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643310434200,"type":"text","content":"It gets its name from the way some of a victim’s red blood cells are shaped like crescent moons, or sickles, instead of being round. 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","level":2,"_id":"5DBFGJHTZ5C4VG3N4XF5QLDTOY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"type":"header","content":"Its disproportionate effect","_id":"6HAEH4JKJBFRNAC2PVCOWESKV4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643150368442,"type":"text","content":"Sickle cell evolved from gene mutations in Black people centuries ago as a natural immunity against malaria. That’s why the trait is most common among those whose ancestors come from sub-Saharan Africa and Spanish-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere.","_id":"2P5UZPKKT5DFFMZ2NKR42PGQ7U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643310434206,"type":"text","content":"The disease occurs in about 1 in every 365 Black births. Sickle cell is also found in about 1 in every 16,300 Hispanic-American births.","_id":"TA3QVIIWPZE6DBOR57FIGLQVKU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643298721546,"type":"text","content":"People who inherit one sickle cell gene and one normal gene have the sickle cell trait, which means they have no symptoms but can pass on the disease.","_id":"OE6D2TVDQNBMLBIVJDV3UOOA2Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643372811324,"type":"text","content":"About one in 13 Black infants are born with the trait, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 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Lott said Grady Memorial Hospital, which offers the only sickle cell clinic in the area, is overburdened.","_id":"AZ3YK7VIBBFWLEDPCSJC2FKYEA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643298721552,"type":"text","content":"“So if I got sick right now, I don’t know where I would go to get relief from the pain,” Lott said.","_id":"AZ3YK7VIBBFWLEDPCSJC2FKYEA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643298721552,"type":"text","content":"She has been working with the American Red Cross to try to get more diverse donors, because people of color represent fewer than 2% of blood donations.","level":2,"_id":"EG225R7ONZAGRBWGEUUMZJQIKA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"type":"header","content":"The smallest warriors","_id":"WMADAPRRKJGUNEYIGQDVYWAXOU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643307320827,"type":"text","content":"Shae Guillory knew she carried the trait, because she has a milder form of the disease, called sickle cell beta-thalassemia. She didn’t know her husband Shawn also had a trait, however. The couple had twins Saxton and Sawyer six years ago. Because she carried the trait, she asked for immediate tests. Sawyer had the disease. He had taken an S gene from his mom and and an S gene from his dad. Saxton did not.","_id":"Q2YHKGNWOJAVTHHN73GJHLBB3Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1642513388687,"type":"text","content":"The couple had already lost a set of twins during a previous pregnancy, and they were determined to save Sawyer.","_id":"HAIC4UZQYNHOPOXRB3UDZD5Q24","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643049125243,"type":"text","content":"“I already had to say bye to two children I so desperately wanted,” she said. “So I sat down every night and I started doing my research to find out what I could do to save my child’s life.” she said.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","address":,"syndication":,"caption":"Sickle Cell","source":"system":"photo center","name":"AJC","edit_url":"","source_type":"staff","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","taxonomy":"associated_tasks":[],"type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/4ABYB7NWTJHPVCOOCMRFQEK37A.png","licensable":false,"credits":"affiliation":[],"by":["name":"Contributed ","type":"author","byline":"Contributed "],"subtitle":"Sickle Cell","width":1580,"_id":"4ABYB7NWTJHPVCOOCMRFQEK37A","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/resizer/oH-hEAhgRyBLXTKv7WI1jNXRVkQ=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4ABYB7NWTJHPVCOOCMRFQEK37A.png","owner":"[email protected]","comments":[],"proxyUrl":"/resizer/oH-hEAhgRyBLXTKv7WI1jNXRVkQ=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4ABYB7NWTJHPVCOOCMRFQEK37A.png","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/4ABYB7NWTJHPVCOOCMRFQEK37A.png","published":true,"resizeUrl":"/resizer/oH-hEAhgRyBLXTKv7WI1jNXRVkQ=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4ABYB7NWTJHPVCOOCMRFQEK37A.png","ingestionMethod":"manual","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/YETtHTT7x8EYfqBIYSBzB3W-rwc=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4ABYB7NWTJHPVCOOCMRFQEK37A.png","version":0,"originalName":"Screen Shot 2022-02-02 at 8.19.36 PM.png","mime_type":"image/png","restricted":false,"template_id":594,"galleries":[],"_id":"S6DL3ZMLPFHXRPQNEAJ5DJ3A7A","created_date":"2022-02-03T01:22:00Z","last_updated_date":"2022-02-03T01:22:00Z","height":952,"image_type":"photograph","_id":"G26NAXZ2RZBRZE7FXERSACFLVM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643295790420,"type":"text","content":"She found Be The Match, the most diverse bone marrow program in the world. A bone marrow transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body to replace damaged or diseased bone marrow. But the donor’s marrow has to match certain traits in the recipient, according to Dr. Ann Haight of Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta.","_id":"CJN7Z7MUJRF5JFKRDLHLA3WXCM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1643307320836,"type":"text","content":"Sawyer was lucky to have Saxton. When the boys were 3, testing determined Saxton was an exact match for his brother. 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The speech was delivered April 4, 1967, exactly one year before his assassination. During the address King called for an end to racism, poverty and militarization by highlighting that Americans were being killed overseas while trying to guarantee certain rights they didn’t have at home.","_id":"7R36JZJ7BNGETFSZDSGDAKNLZU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617553483436,"type":"text","content":"“We were taking the Black young men who had been crippled by our society and sending them 8,000 miles away to guarantee liberties in Southeast Asia which they had not found in southwest Georgia and East Harlem,” King famously said.","_id":"CFALVLN2CZBZJJF6HSYNLVCGZQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617553483437,"type":"text","content":"The National Civil Rights Museum at the Lorraine Hotel, where King was shot in Memphis, plans a virtual commemoration this afternoon. “Remembering MLK: The Man. The Movement. 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James Lawson, a key King ally.","_id":"LSBI336ZR5DI5P4XI5X65ZJODI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617554635169,"type":"text","content":"In addition, the National Center for Civil and Human Rights offers a digital exhibit through April 9, about King’s concept of the “beloved community” called We Share the Dream: King’s Beloved Community.","_id":"JF6KHODKV5FCJNEV5CWNQWA3JY","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"6YTXK3R5R5DRZORRJWHL45ATN4","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/martin-luther-king-jr/the-loss-of-mlk-53-years-later/NRZE6MR7FRA67E4SKEYRSUXWBA/","content":"In depth: The loss of MLK 53 years later"],"display_date":"2021-04-04T16:19:11.448Z","headlines":"basic":"MLK53 anniversary events in Atlanta and elsewhere commemorate King’s legacy","first_publish_date":"2021-04-04T16:19:11.448Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/atlanta-news","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Local News","description":"Atlanta Georgia city and county news, as well as Georgia state and regional news at ajc.com","_id":"/news/atlanta-news","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","MainMenuRedesign2021":"/news","TopNav":null,"ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Atlanta Georgia city and county news, as well as Georgia state and regional news at ajc.com","site_title":"Atlanta Local News","navigation":"nav_title":"Local News","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Local News","Sponsor":"sponsor_url_open_new_tab":"true","sponsor_desktop_banner":"","sponsor_mobile_banner":"","sponsor_url":"","_id":"/news/atlanta-news","ancestors":"TopNavRedesign":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"MainMenuRedesign2021":["https://www.ajc.com/","/news"],"TopNav":[],"order":"AmpNav":2004,"default":2004,"SectionMap":1073,"MainMenuRedesign2021":2004,"ComposerNav":1080,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0"],"tags":["text":"natworld.ajc","text":"intown atlanta","text":"sp-blackhistorymlk","text":"georgia news","text":"georgia-news.ajc","text":"sepia","text":"teamangel"],"primary_section":"path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","name":"Black History Month"},"type":"story","last_updated_date":"2021-04-08T18:59:32.282Z","canonical_url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/martin-luther-king-jr/atlanta-events-in-person-and-online-to-mark-mlk53-anniversary/3TX4O2UK3NDM5KMRTAEH6L2RTM/","promo_items":"basic":"content_elements":["caption":"The Rev. 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(Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/XZHQBNMDSIYJ3GZWLPAA4DY5YE.jpg","caption":"The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s family holds a wreath-laying ceremony on the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of the civil rights leader at the King Center on Sunday, April 4, 2021. Jalen Brant-Elder of Union City prays with the group during the ceremony. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/EYM2KTEDL7XIOB2DKYJHAJS3VU.jpg","caption":"The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s family holds a wreath-laying ceremony on the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of the civil rights leader at the King Center on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/RDV3E5WLBMEZE5CV7ZEW6TZ2J4.jpg","caption":"The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s family holds a wreath-laying ceremony on the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of the civil rights leader at the King Center on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/KLHCLBBBY2DGCL7PRGFYU4SOPE.jpg","caption":"Martin Luther King III carries a wreath to his father's tomb at the King Center on the 53rd anniversary of the assassination on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/G2FRCCNPKNFXVMIL33W6NVURSQ.jpg","caption":"Ronnie Zackery, 10, from Illinois watches the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s family during a wreath-laying ceremony at the King Center on the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of the civil rights icon on April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/CDLDW47ZGJEZRPXKFJ34QI7WDU.jpg","caption":"Laron Zackery, 4, (seated) waits with his grandmother and sister before the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s family lays a wreath at his tomb on the 53rd anniversary of the civil rights icon on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/DLISGN2FVBPT62RCVGH6AXP4K4.jpg","caption":"The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s family holds a wreath-laying ceremony on the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of the civil rights leader at the King Center on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/5KOQLASVBRQWW37A52H7CHEYIA.jpg","caption":"Visitors gather around the eternal flame at the King Center before the family of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. holds a wreath-laying ceremony on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/YM5AQLWUHKMGM2B2QUC2H2MH7A.jpg","caption":"Athena Lasonde, 13 (seated left), and her mother, Cheryl Lasonde, of Union City gather around the eternal flame at the King Center before the family of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. holds a wreath-laying ceremony on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/7FEWUDUL4DXS7NMAK4CC4ILWNY.jpg"],"credits":"by":[],"headlines":"basic":"PHOTOS: Wreath-laying ceremony on 53rd anniversary of MLK death","promo_items":"basic":"subtitle":"wreath-laying at MLK tomb on 53 anniversary of his death","width":3000,"caption":"The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s family holds a wreath-laying ceremony on the 53rd anniversary of the assassination of the civil rights leader at the King Center on Sunday, April 4, 2021. (Photo: Jenni Girtman for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)","type":"image","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/LCYMPSLEFGH6NXIUQPYASXQJQA.jpg","height":2000,"type":"gallery","_id":"3TX4O2UK3NDM5KMRTAEH6L2RTM"},{"content_elements":["_id":"4EN7CIC2SNAL5H27HKGTGVHLO4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617467007597,"type":"text","content":"Fifty-three years ago today, the world lost a civil rights icon when the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. was struck down by an assassin’s bullet outside a Memphis motel room.","_id":"MHWWUQJ7TZHGRPAC3XH5DFZR3U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720426,"type":"text","content":"A leader of the nonviolent movement in the 1960s, the Atlanta native had come to Tennessee a day earlier to help sanitation workers rally for better wages and safer working conditions. He was 39.","_id":"JZ53FRT7T5E5ZKLJJN6IKYKU4M","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"TQB5T3RTTBEIBPLQMBLFEL3SPM","type":"interstitial_link","content":"Last moments of Martin Luther King Jr. filled with normalcy","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/last-moments-martin-luther-king-filled-with-normalcy/gzRKKQF2EfRGu44opcUxPO/","_id":"DYSZH4KOMBCDPL3XQWYOH6UWCI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720428,"type":"text","content":"King dedicated his life to ending Southern segregation. He championed equal rights and fought to ensure Black Americans could make their voices heard at the ballot box. But he also knew there was a portion of the population intent on maintaining the status quo.","_id":"BY5GFTI77ZDFHBKLRDC4EG2L3A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617481242090,"type":"text","content":"In his final speech, King acknowledged he might not live long enough to see his life’s work realized.","_id":"IAV7WARDCBBVXF3GK33RCI2544","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720429,"type":"text","content":"“Like anybody, I would like to live a long life,” he told the crowd during the prophetic 40-minute address on the evening of April 3, 1968. “But I’m not concerned about that now. I just want to do God’s will.","_id":"7EYJ5MEEENES5ABYW5O5BMCKIQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720430,"type":"text","content":"“He’s allowed me to go up to the mountain,” King continued. “And I have looked over and I have seen the promised land. I may not get there with you, but I want you to know tonight that we as a people will get to the promised land.”","subtype":"twitter","referent":"referent_properties":"additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":1617617786590,"provider":"https://publish.twitter.com/oembed?url=","service":"oembed","id":"https://twitter.com/BerniceKing/status/1378307826053955584","type":"twitter","_id":"RMT4WCGZLVFYPAQSI6ZMRR2WRE","raw_oembed":"author_name":"Be A King","cache_age":"3153600000","provider_url":"https://twitter.com","type":"twitter","version":"1.0","url":"https://twitter.com/BerniceKing/status/1378307826053955584","author_url":"https://twitter.com/BerniceKing","width":550,"html":"

nn","_id":"https://twitter.com/BerniceKing/status/1378307826053955584","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":1617617786590,"provider_name":"Twitter","height":null,"type":"oembed_response","_id":"7DB77CDXCZCXNDLH4GNITEXPRI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720432,"type":"text","content":"Today’s Atlanta ceremony","_id":"Y4OFGE7QWBDPDACVXDQXUQRJ6M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617467007599,"type":"text","content":"To honor his legacy and commemorate the 53rd anniversary of his death, the King family will lay a wreath at his tomb this afternoon.","_id":"O55INTHGCNH7ZJYNA57RRWWWCA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617481242096,"type":"text","content":"The event will be held at 1:30 p.m. at the King Center Reflecting Pool along Auburn Avenue.","_id":"7A67X4T6PZBCRDAJITGQZQE6AU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720434,"type":"text","content":"The King Center — its full name is the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change Inc. — is a nonprofit organization established in 1968 to continue King’s work and legacy.","_id":"WU7KEZ2GLRDKJPJI6HLUFTAVGE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617481242098,"type":"text","content":"Virtual commemorations today","_id":"IS72HJZN4NH7VIU3WLJZL2RTUI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617467007602,"type":"text","content":"The anniversary of King’s death falls on Easter this year, and events are planned across the country this holiday to commemorate the life and martyrdom of the civil rights great.","_id":"P7KGIMF6CND5NHG3ZYU5VRRGJ4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720437,"type":"text","content":"At 7 p.m., a group of well-known activists and organizers are hosting a webinar and panel discussion where speakers will recite King’s “Beyond Vietnam” speech calling for an end to the war in Southeast Asia. The speech was delivered April 4, 1967, exactly one year before his assassination. During the address King called for an end to racism, poverty and militarization by highlighting that Americans were being killed overseas while trying to guarantee certain rights they didn’t have at home.","_id":"4P3K2YAFEBDADBLXFDPOZABU44","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720438,"type":"text","content":"“We were taking the Black young men who had been crippled by our society and sending them 8,000 miles away to guarantee liberties in Southeast Asia which they had not found in southwest Georgia and East Harlem,” King famously said.","_id":"JMI65ACRWRE5PGXWTMFORS6LMA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":["pos":215,"comment":"(5 p.m. Central time). "],"comments":[],"_id":1617481242102,"type":"text","content":"The National Civil Rights Museum at the Lorraine Hotel, where King was shot in Memphis, plans a virtual commemoration this afternoon. “Remembering MLK: The Man. The Movement. The Moment” will be broadcast at 6 p.m. and will feature the Rev. James Lawson, a key King ally.","_id":"6CCRH6CKDFEPBKJQZ3NHXKQWXA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617467007603,"type":"text","content":"Shocking news in 1968","_id":"XRCJICYDB5H5PLGRF6VASEU5LE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617467007604,"type":"text","content":"Robert F. Kennedy was in Indianapolis, campaigning for the Democratic nomination for president when he was told of the assassination. His staff tried to dissuade Kennedy from speaking to the crowd in a predominately Black neighborhood as news of riots elsewhere was beginning to spread.","_id":"ZSTX7VIGMNHNXFMUNEMHPABCXQ","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"KXTTTLUAEFHRTE5ZAVEE7GX73A","type":"interstitial_link","content":"Martin Luther King Jr.: How the world heard the news of his assassination","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/national/martin-luther-king-how-the-world-heard-the-news-his-assassination/Y1Dl8j5f1HPpzKmD8dkYPP/","_id":"EI5RFRJ6RBBB3BW3PGQYH4R6PE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617467007605,"type":"text","content":"Many people screamed in disbelief as the U.S. senator broke the news that King had been shot and killed. He then called for calm and reminded those gathered that he, too, had had a family member (his brother, President John F. Kennedy) who was assassinated.","subtype":"youtube","referent":"referent_properties":"additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":1617617786604,"provider":"https://www.youtube.com/oembed?maxwidth=560&maxheight=340&url=","service":"oembed","id":"https://youtu.be/BCrx_u3825g","type":"youtube","_id":"WOJNOA6VJRA7NNLE52PMH637VI","raw_oembed":"author_name":"Frankie Warren","provider_url":"https://www.youtube.com/","title":"Robert F. Kennedy's Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination Speech","type":"youtube","thumbnail_url":"https://i.ytimg.com/vi/BCrx_u3825g/hqdefault.jpg","version":"1.0","thumbnail_height":360,"author_url":"https://www.youtube.com/user/frankiewarren","width":453,"thumbnail_width":480,"html":"","_id":"https://youtu.be/BCrx_u3825g","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":1617617786604,"provider_name":"YouTube","height":340,"type":"oembed_response","_id":"JAJK3DVBO5A47KHGQIHJTXITDQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617478720444,"type":"text","content":"Bobby Kennedy died two months later after being gunned down inside a Los Angeles hotel while campaigning.","_id":"A4BCO47NUNFABIDYSEVEF56UNU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617481242109,"type":"text","content":"Immediately after King’s death and in the days ahead, riots raged in cities across the U.S., including Memphis, Washington, Baltimore, Chicago, Detroit, Kansas City and Pittsburgh. Riots broke out in 110 cities, thousands of homes and businesses were destroyed, and dozens were killed.","_id":"L4I7AXVASBGY5NGGBDCM5PUTBA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617481242110,"type":"text","content":"Atlanta, King’s hometown and where he was senior pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church, was spared the chaos. Instead, as the assassin was still at large, Atlanta was planning the biggest funeral in the city’s history. It would host 150,000 mourners, and the eyes of a troubled world would be on Auburn Avenue.","_id":"QH2GLWGOGNHQPGW3FXEFYDTMEQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617481242111,"type":"text","content":"A special look back","_id":"SDJ573M7H5DMZF3AKPJNKAXAXA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1617467007607,"type":"text","content":"To mark the 50th anniversary of his death in 2018, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution published the multimedia presentation “Honoring Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.” Revisit the special coverage at https://honoringmlk.com/"],"display_date":"2021-04-04T11:00:00Z","headlines":"basic":"The loss of MLK: 53 years later","first_publish_date":"2021-04-04T11:00:00Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0"],"primary_section":"path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","name":"Black History Month","tags":["text":"news.naviga","text":"atlanta-news-metro.ajc","text":"sepia"]},"type":"story","last_updated_date":"2021-04-05T10:16:38.397Z","canonical_url":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr/the-loss-of-mlk-53-years-later/NRZE6MR7FRA67E4SKEYRSUXWBA/","promo_items":"basic":"promo_image":"url":"https://d1fegwn2wjh0cs.cloudfront.net/01-17-2021/t_463d5007324243e0b0bcad347555a3e6_name_97d1c662ea7e43d7a796d3b4be37f352.jpg","credits":,"headlines":"basic":"A Timeline of the Life of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.","type":"video","promo_items":"basic":"caption":"A Timeline of the Life of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.","type":"image","url":"https://d1fegwn2wjh0cs.cloudfront.net/01-17-2021/t_463d5007324243e0b0bcad347555a3e6_name_97d1c662ea7e43d7a796d3b4be37f352.jpg","_id":"NRZE6MR7FRA67E4SKEYRSUXWBA"},{"content_elements":["_id":"RCFMSGMR5ZAIVN6IIHV5ZR5TCY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613598087791,"type":"text","content":"The story goes like this:","_id":"UX7DKUMMGVBBNKGEGM4J7LRJLA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296337,"type":"text","content":"It was 1967, and reviews for the first season of Star Trek were not great. Nichelle Nichols, who played Lt. Nyota Uhura, had bigger issues with the show. She found it demoralizing to see her lines cut and cut again. She had to deal with racist insults off set, as well as from executives who conspired to keep her from seeing her fan mail.","_id":"73ILZIUGYRHUPM4FIJNGQL6XNA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614028709850,"type":"text","content":"At the end of the first season, Nichols recounted in her autobiography, she told the show’s creator she was done.","_id":"URIMZWCREVC77MPMQO6TEU5MTQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296338,"type":"text","content":"But the next day, at an NAACP function, a fan greeted her: Martin Luther King Jr. He told her how important her role was and how he and his family watched Star Trek faithfully and adored her in particular — the only Black character.","_id":"DL4VNM5S6ZEPTATPQQI6YNZ4NE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614028709852,"type":"text","content":"Nichols thanked him, but said she planned to leave.","_id":"LIK7FG3CTFBAFG3I33OEN3ZRFM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296339,"type":"text","content":"“You cannot and you must not,” she recalls him saying. “Don’t you realize how important your presence, your character is? ... Don’t you see? This is not a Black role, and this is not a female role. You have the first non stereotypical role on television, male or female. You have broken ground.","_id":"2ZXKXGIS5NGURKUXZX4LTYDAQU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296340,"type":"text","content":"“... For the first time,” he continued, “the world sees us as we should be seen, as equals, as intelligent people — as we should be.”","_id":"42Y5XK4FENBIVNNC3RMOCRZSDA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296341,"type":"text","content":"Nichols stayed.","_id":"43CGQX2YT5H45DMFLBN7WUYL6E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296342,"type":"text","content":"She stayed for the next two seasons of the series, lent her voice to an animated version and appeared in a half-dozen Star Trek movies. She had the first interracial kiss in American television. She recruited for NASA. Through her work, she influenced Mae Jemison — the first Black female astronaut.","_id":"ICGMDAFK7FBBVP6QFOAJUUSRIU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296343,"type":"text","content":"By continuing on Star Trek, she had an impact on the lives of many others, including a number of metro Atlanta Black residents. Some credit Nichols’ presence on TV with giving them confidence to pursue their own interests.","_id":"J6BNYTY665BNXPZ5KWERILSVBI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296344,"type":"text","content":"Marilyn Teague, 72, said she watched Amos ‘n’ Andy as a child but didn’t know that she “wasn’t supposed to like it.” Seeing Nichols on TV was a revelation. Her character, a communications officer, spoke several languages. She was on the bridge of the Starship Enterprise. People listened to her.","_id":"O4XMOGIU5RDWHP5QB5ECJ2UFCM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296345,"type":"text","content":"“Her position there helped me get confidence in who I am,” said Teague, who lives in Doraville and became a sign language interpreter partly to emulate Lt. Uhura. “She was there at a time when we needed to see her.”","_id":"7UX5HYFOCFER5OYALQBG3G5TOY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296349,"type":"text","content":"Tony Cade, 56, is the owner of Challenges Games and Comics and the director of the Atlanta Sci-Fi and Fantasy Expo. He first saw Nichols on screen in Star Trek reruns. It was refreshing to see a character who was not a criminal, a nanny or a maid. He said her presence reinforced to him that he could be a leader — she might not have had a lot of lines, at first, but she still commanded respect.","_id":"E3FJEFJZH5FD3IHMWPCFXULOGM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260688,"type":"text","content":"“She inspired a lot of people. She inspired me to do a lot of the things I do,” he said. “Nichelle opened the eyes of many people who opened the eyes of many more people.”","_id":"7UX5HYFOCFER5OYALQBG3G5TOY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296349,"type":"text","content":"Eddie Hines, 47, said Nichols’ role was a stepping stone for the Star Trek franchise, too. Now, a Black woman — Sonequa Martin-Green — plays Michael Burnham, the lead of the current series, Star Trek: Discovery.","_id":"EQZTHDBWRZDJ7GIAH3WLB35SMI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260690,"type":"text","content":"As important as it was for Black people to see themselves represented on screen, Hines said, it was just as important for white people to see Lt. Uhura as a fully developed character.","_id":"V5TYENAOKRD6BKECFPWHBSY4VQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260691,"type":"text","content":"“To be on the bridge and not be the cleaning lady — Black people already wanted it,” the Smyrna resident said. “To get people who did not want it to accept it is a huge leap. ... She did it through grace. She made people enjoy her performances.”","_id":"JYX3ZH7LTFFXTG4TNJPD4CILLE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296346,"type":"text","content":"Joseph Campbell, an East Point graphic artist, doesn’t think the show would have resonated the same way had Nichols exited, as she planned.","_id":"IJ3GJGR6QFDLHDNA327QGOQ56U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260693,"type":"text","content":"“I’m so glad she stuck it through,” he said. “Just seeing her was like, wow, that’s me.”","_id":"CFYMDHV7LNCLDN64ACFPS7FIWI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260694,"type":"text","content":"Without Nichols, Campbell said, it would have taken longer for Black people — and Black women in particular — to be normalized on screen.","_id":"IJ3GJGR6QFDLHDNA327QGOQ56U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260695,"type":"text","content":"“She showed young kids of color that you can do it,” Campbell said. “Nichelle Nichols was our Wonder Woman, our Captain Marvel.”","_id":"WO3QYT2YD5G4PHKIY4VGBYFUQA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260696,"type":"text","content":"Dedren Snead was one of those kids. Snead, 45, distinctly recalls seeing Lt. Uhura on Nickelodeon — it was the first time he saw a Black woman animated.","_id":"EMPEGEGXPVFZRICLW7VBICEGGI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260697,"type":"text","content":"It stuck with him.","_id":"YFUPZSVLAFGFTIBI2K55ARR7JE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260698,"type":"text","content":"Snead is writing a graphic novel, “Sorghum and Spear,” that’s due out in April. One character — Eshe the All-Mother — is based on Nichols, and uses her likeness. The Snellville resident described Nichols as an icon and credits her with sparking his interest in science fiction and fantasy, merely by being on the show. Through the graphic novel, he’s had a chance to interact with her and thank her for her work.","_id":"SEMM2KASWNH7XJT3M2QYROI7VE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614024260699,"type":"text","content":"“If I didn’t see her, I wouldn’t have been interested in that stuff. A lot of us didn’t see ourselves invited to that conversation,” Snead said of science fiction. “The idea of seeing yourself in the future, that’s what I got from her. You’re making a direct statement: There’s a super smart Black woman in the future. We are there. We didn’t get wiped out. We didn’t get oppressed.”","_id":"7UX5HYFOCFER5OYALQBG3G5TOY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613885296349,"type":"text","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH: Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. 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(Paramount Television; Chick Harrity / AP)","type":"image","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/SZ6XZCY2SZH7LL3XFGLNJ4JLLE.jpg","height":900,"_id":"X3Z7Q7LGN5BSVMVUFTDN3O63RU"},{"content_elements":["_id":"4UAB5TXXLRAHBNOIUVPECU4ZWA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442802,"type":"text","content":"Fred Gregory doesn’t need any more plaques.","_id":"POW2P2REXBEZZIANQRUHLHIMGU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442803,"type":"text","content":"“I could send you 10 plaques and it wouldn’t put a dent in all the ones I have laying around,” said the former Air Force test pilot, astronaut and NASA administrator. He was one of the first Black people selected to become an astronaut in January 1978, along with Guion Bluford and Ronald McNair.","_id":"63EEU7G23NDVRP4OATC3TMNPEA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442804,"type":"text","content":"Happily retired, Gregory has flown hundreds of different aircraft, overseen the United States’ involvement in the International Space Station, traveled the world and commanded multiple space shuttle missions. He has spent more than 450 hours in space.","_id":"4KY2Y6XOQZDOZH7QJAXQJ646OY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442805,"type":"text","content":"“I was the only (African American) in my class at the Air Force Academy,” Gregory said. “And right after schools integrated in D.C., I was the only one in this formerly all-white junior high. I was in the first integrated Boy Scout troop in Washington.”","_id":"JY4XULZFQVBC5LWHDLWJ6LOH44","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442810,"type":"text","content":"Gregory’s parents were teachers. His father, Francis Gregory, attended the Case Institute in Cleveland, later part of Case Western Reserve University. After graduating and teaching for a couple of years he went on to MIT, where he got a masters degree in electrical engineering.","_id":"OZFMHRIZDZEU5AT53ZMA5IRDII","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"XIQU2VSYSVDYFJXZ4IMXHO7RJE","type":"interstitial_link","content":"Billie Holiday: The unforgettable Lady Day","url":"https://www.ajc.com/entertainment/music/billie-holiday-the-unforgettable-lady-day/FnS8Z4D09pQRhnUc0VyB1H/","_id":"PDS5WCGL3RACNIS66LWRKFSJTE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442811,"type":"text","content":"“They had all kinds of friends. And those friends were at our house a lot. And there was one group of friends who talked with their hands and waved and talked about flying and excitement,” Gregory said. “And I’m like 5 years old, 6 years old. And I’m watching these folks and listening to how much fun they were having, and one of them offered to take me to fly.”","_id":"GCJUIIVDUFDADMGVVDRLGA7E2E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614014700366,"type":"text","content":"Years later, he learned that many of those friends were Tuskegee Airmen.","_id":"W2MIQURKG5HAJLTVL6J57NOFCM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442812,"type":"text","content":"As Gregory considered applying to the astronaut program, he got a call from one of those old family friends.","_id":"IXXTIE5GR5EKPLMVXWUM5YN62E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614014700368,"type":"text","content":"“His name was Ben Davis, who I did not know was in the military,” Gregory said.","_id":"XBYWVJE4YVHUVA3UOVRGDIZTL4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442813,"type":"text","content":"That would be Gen. Benjamin O. Davis Jr., commander of the legendary 332nd Fighter Group, also known as the Red Tails, and the U.S. Air Force’s first Black brigadier general.","_id":"V7EBEPSSXJAJHAE6WP2JQWYKXI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442814,"type":"text","content":"“He called me and he said, ‘Fred, I want you to apply to the program for myself, and in honor of the Tuskegee Airmen,” Gregory said. “I’d never heard of the Tuskegee Airmen.”","_id":"G6WEFIR4CZFEFMK3FZRJ7KOVQ4","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"WEUYDYW255HDDMCQNYYOZJUSMM","type":"interstitial_link","content":"Georgia’s Critter Fixers: Black vets go from HBCUs to Nat Geo Wild","url":"https://www.ajc.com/life/georgias-critter-fixers-black-vets-go-from-hbcus-to-nat-geo-wild-disney/TMD5JICHCFGCDOLHKGPFIZU6ME/","_id":"GNHE3M2XKVFUTO7ZJNKLVSTGDY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442815,"type":"text","content":"Along with Davis’ entreaty, Gregory felt drawn to apply to the astronaut program by a clever ad campaign. Nichelle Nichols, who played Nyota Uhura in the original “Star Trek,” famously volunteered to help NASA recruit more diverse astronauts.","_id":"R6M4LGEBDNHEVDWYYSIB2XD2YY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442816,"type":"text","content":"“The first time I met Nichelle Nichols, she was inside my television saying, ‘I want you to be an astronaut,’” Gregory said. “Others may claim she was looking at them, but no, she was looking at me.” He and Nichols would go on to become dear friends.","_id":"6G3CTLHZ3FB5TE352A75T5JWKQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442817,"type":"text","content":"In January 1968, Gregory found out he had been selected as an astronaut. NASA Astronaut Group 8 was the largest and most diverse ever. The group included six women and three Black men: Gregory, McNair and Bluford.","_id":"7SFI3M2HUBDYTOPPLZM2HHPBGU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442820,"type":"text","content":"The entire group became media sensations. Gregory was bombarded with letters of congratulations and commendations from government officials.","_id":"ADIWA3XNANEHNCW2PPPRGL33KA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614014700375,"type":"text","content":"“A mail truck would come up and put a bag of mail at my house,” he said. “I have a house full of plaques because, everywhere I go, they give me a plaque. And keys to the city, or keys anywhere you want — I have one from Atlanta!”","_id":"TV2KQRWH2ZCIVAVGZVNDO4X7NU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442824,"type":"text","content":"In the summer of 1978, the group began training for the debut of the space shuttle program.","_id":"XEX4A3TLXZBXRM7HKJE4J57AFU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442825,"type":"text","content":"“When I launched for the first time, to me, it was more like a training session,” he recalled. Simulations tended to focus on what could go wrong, so it was smooth sailing on his first eight-minute ride into space.","_id":"GQE6KYO2NFCEBF6I4TBOD2FOZM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442827,"type":"text","content":"“From Earth, you can only see a certain part of the heavens,” Gregory said. “It just blows your mind. You’re looking out and it’s just carpeted with stars and you realize that some of them are close — maybe only 50 light years away — and some of them are billions of light years away. We were just overwhelmed by the beauty, the vastness, the potential, the ‘where do we go next on this journey?’”","_id":"IYSXK3QMFNFCNO3TVW55ZSQ2BI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442830,"type":"text","content":"Gregory’s career as an astronaut spanned from 1978 to 1991, three shuttle flights and 456 hours in space. He was one of the flight controllers at the Johnson Space Center during the space shuttle Challenger disaster, which claimed the lives of all seven crew members on board, including mission specialist Ron McNair, in 1986. (A year later, DeKalb County’s Walker High School would change its name to Ronald E. McNair High School.)","_id":"PC2IVJUIONGDNFXNPPY4OKBUAU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442831,"type":"text","content":"Following his final shuttle flight, he became an associate administrator at NASA overseeing the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance. After nearly a decade in that position, Gregory had a brief stint overseeing the Office of Space Flight, the office responsible for the space shuttle and International Space Station Programs, before he was appointed as NASA’s Deputy Administrator. He retired in 2005 at age 64.","_id":"NONYTSYCGBGNFGXOOW5AIAAR3I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442839,"type":"text","content":"Now 80, Gregory still sounds the part of a commanding officer. He is good-humored and curious, quick to ask questions as if he’s not the most interesting person in every conversation he has.","_id":"VXQCLYGHENCGHGP5L6KXVEOR6I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442841,"type":"text","content":"“I think brilliance and the ability to understand concepts, to push the barrier, sometimes comes from a person who hasn’t been told ahead of time that it’s impossible to do something because that’s now how we’ve done it in the past,” Gregory said. “You get a mind that is free to wander, create and discover — that’s the kind of mind you want.”","_id":"HGAIH57YDJEALKL2SZRKHHSCF4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442842,"type":"text","content":"He reflects on his past with a sense of awe at the stories of flight and adventure he heard at the knees of Tuskegee Airmen and a feeling that he helped carry a torch lit by those pioneering pilots.","_id":"FF2PQGAT2FBTPGPMHF2ZAZTFDI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613778442844,"type":"text","content":"“Heck no, I didn’t light this torch. It was handed to me by the Tuskeegee Airmen for the work they had done,” Gregory said. “I had a sense of relief when I found out that no, I wasn’t the first one. It was following in the legacy of folks earlier than me who had done even greater things and broken more barriers than me.”","_id":"4LYJQMQSGVEXNOOAJRRWFWZI2U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614016885178,"type":"text","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH: Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. 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He grew up in Nashville, Tennessee, graduating from high school with honors in 1929.","_id":"QLNFKRUHWFHORFOFU7TRZ23CYI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136167,"type":"text","content":"That, unfortunately, was also the year of the stock market crash, and all the money Thomas had earned as a carpenter’s apprentice and saved to attend college was gone in an instant.","_id":"UOMFANCZARDX3M4AHG4F34GG3E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136168,"type":"text","content":"A few months after being wiped out, Thomas found a job at Vanderbilt University as a lab technician, working with Dr. Alfred Blalock. Blalock was a University of Georgia graduate who earned his medical degree at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Thomas had never been in a lab before, but his intelligence and curiosity impressed Blalock.","_id":"44H6L3DQ6RFGHAOHCURMWMUQ6M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136169,"type":"text","content":"Within days, Thomas was “doing arterial punctures on the laboratory dogs and measuring and administering anesthesia,” Katie McCabe wrote in 1989. “Within a month, the former carpenter was setting up experiments and performing delicate and complex operations.”","_id":"PG5JNZHXJFFOBNIDDQVRSBAGYU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136170,"type":"text","content":"Despite this, Thomas was classified as a janitor like the other Black employees. For $12 a week, Thomas worked 16 hours a day or more in the lab. But Thomas’ pay increased when he told Blalock he needed to be paid the same as other lab techs.","_id":"KJCZI6LDRJBM7IT6EC763OIMCA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136171,"type":"text","content":"Blalock relied on Thomas, McCabe wrote. Blalock was “the scientist, asking the questions; Thomas the pragmatist, figuring out the simplest way to get the answers.”","_id":"4AZCJDG5DZHADK7MVJ724YNVXU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136172,"type":"text","content":"“It was extremely difficult to tell if Dr. Blalock had the original idea for a particular technique or if it was Vivien Thomas,” Dr. Alan Woods Jr., a former intern at Johns Hopkins, told Corinne F. Hammett during an interview for News American. “They worked so smoothly together, we — the medical students — didn’t know.”","_id":"TPWBKM73DBFIHPHDHUT23BB2MI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136173,"type":"text","content":"Their first breakthrough was in the treatment of traumatic shock, which Blalock had been researching for years. The technician and the doctor re-created in dogs the same trauma experienced by humans. Their discovery that shock was linked to a loss of fluid and blood saved the lives of countless soldiers during World War II.","_id":"PW2FPYVLYBCCRGPIWAQASIWH5E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136175,"type":"text","content":"But that was just the beginning for the lab partners.","level":2,"_id":"UQHV7ZREGVGQFKEKYOERC5H6NQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613729217150,"type":"header","content":"Beginning of cardiac surgery","_id":"QXCM4M3WLBAFXPBBCH4XA2AQ2A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613729217151,"type":"text","content":"By this point, Thomas had married Clara Flanders, from Macon. Their first child, Olga Fay, was born in 1934, and a second daughter, Theodosia, arrived in 1938.","_id":"7WHUNBQ6U5EIZPLM4W4T4DGGJI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136177,"type":"text","content":"When Blalock was offered the chief of surgery position at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1941, he accepted on the condition that Thomas come with him. It was there they made history, even though Thomas received no credit at the time.","_id":"6R2SK733JVHGTJ4HINNTCEVSL4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136178,"type":"text","content":"In 1943, Dr. Helen Taussig approached Blalock about her research on “blue babies,” so called because small or obstructed passages from their heart prevented oxygen from entering the big pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs.","_id":"KEHD3M3XJ5FRNK7JIBSNIDWIYA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136179,"type":"text","content":"Taussig wanted to find a way to “change the pipes around” to bring more blood to the babies’ lungs.","_id":"TMSI5TXR7VHQZFOEVWO245LT5M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136180,"type":"text","content":"For more than a year, Thomas worked in the lab trying to re-create in dogs the malformations of the babies’ hearts and fix them.","_id":"RLLBX5NU5NC53PQG2M6HPHTUPE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613585136181,"type":"text","content":"The infants’ blood vessels were too small for the surgical equipment on hand, so Thomas cut down needles and sharpened them with an emery board. He created a new clamp to use on the tiny arteries.","_id":"WHCTFTKXORAY5IPG6ODJ3AWTWA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613678390632,"type":"text","content":"Thomas wasn’t just gifted in creating equipment, however. He was a gifted surgeon. When Blalock saw the suturing technique Thomas performed in a dog, he declared, “Vivien, this looks like something the Lord made.”","_id":"EB3LTQTR4ZCYHP4XZWXDFT3MZY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893750,"type":"text","content":"At the time, heart surgery was unheard of. But Thomas, Blalock and Taussig were undeterred. About a year after they began their research, they performed the first operation on a “blue baby.” Doctors filled the gallery to witness history.","_id":"WODZY6S7EBDPZLYHYPFG5XJR2U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893751,"type":"text","content":"Blalock had his lab tech Thomas stand behind him on a stepstool so that throughout the surgery, he could get Thomas’ guidance on technique.","_id":"ERQDJM22RZC7JK42STQD2LAAUA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613729217160,"type":"text","content":"It was the beginning of cardiac surgery.","_id":"V6X3QQ5ONVHH7GYWRACXGDEUHE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893753,"type":"text","content":"On Dec. 31, 1945, Time magazine ran an article about the surgery, touting the skills of Blalock and Taussig but never once mentioning Thomas. Photos of the surgical team excluded Thomas. A paper on the procedure in the Journal of the American Medical Association in May 1945 didn’t mention Thomas. Only those who saw the surgery knew of his contributions.","level":2,"_id":"3I5Q6QRWXREXTHNJU5DBDBWAD4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893754,"type":"header","content":"Unknown giant in Black community","_id":"FAQSCVLKARGDVKIKIXHQGIGSZI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613729217163,"type":"text","content":"Before long, however, Thomas was training Johns Hopkins surgeons in the delicate techniques necessary for heart and lung operations.","_id":"B4ZVDBD2RNCCPGNOOBKDDBXB2I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893755,"type":"text","content":"“To Blalock’s ‘boys,’ Thomas became the model of a surgeon,” Dr. Denton Cooley, who entered Johns Hopkins as a med student the same year Thomas was hired for the lab, told McCabe. “Dr. Blalock was a great scientist, a great thinker, a leader,” Cooley told McCabe, “but by no stretch of the imagination could he be considered a great cutting surgeon. Vivien was.”","_id":"2QQWFUFA2FEGTOQKVKTLW4POQQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893756,"type":"text","content":"In 1971, his former students commissioned a portrait of Thomas, and surgeons from around the country gathered to pay homage and hang the portrait in the Blalock Building at Johns Hopkins.","_id":"P7POGBCTP5FGXJLP2K5NORI5LE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893757,"type":"text","content":"Thomas received a doctorate from Johns Hopkins in 1976, but it was an honorary doctor of laws. Restrictions prevented him from receiving a medical doctorate, but from then on he was addressed as Dr. Thomas.","_id":"OV2W3BVIO5FYXKAH4DPNQUVKAA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893758,"type":"text","content":"Johns Hopkins medical school’s four colleges are named for “legendary former faculty members.” One of those is Thomas College.","_id":"3EKVJAX67NHZ3KJSUJ4XD7J4UI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893759,"type":"text","content":"“Medical historians have reflected that Vivien Thomas is perhaps the ‘most untalked about, unappreciated, unknown giant in the African American community,’” the Thomas College website states.","_id":"Y6ZDMP3PMRF5VM4V3MFAXSWRYM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613606893760,"type":"text","content":"Thomas died on Nov. 26, 1985, of pancreatic cancer. He was 75.","_id":"WVZJMFHII5CCLFQEAVAR2VRDTM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613747472065,"type":"text","content":"If you would like to learn more about Thomas, HBO produced a movie titled, “Something the Lord Made,” starring Mos Def as Thomas and Alan Rickman as Blalock.","_id":"W4WUCYMTPNDLJDGWKIRWKBL3SA","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"GCDICXZNNNHDHPW7NMB3QVM3PE","type":"raw_html","content":"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Ocfm5sLlOM","level":2,"_id":"CMWSHHEC25DRPIBSKOHH3725QE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613668326035,"type":"header","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH","_id":"T7HL5HEYMVGKTOUJXJ73MRAZHM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613729217171,"type":"text","content":"Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. Go to AJC.com/black-history-month for more subscriber exclusives on people, places and organizations that have changed the world, and to see videos on the African American pioneers featured here each day."],"display_date":"2021-02-19T10:00:00Z","headlines":"basic":"Vivien Thomas: The Black man who saved ‘blue babies’","first_publish_date":"2021-02-19T10:00:00Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"_website_section_id":"ajc./news/martin-luther-king-jr","type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/life","parent":"default":"https://www.ajc.com/","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"https://www.ajc.com/","name":"Life","description":"Atlanta living and lifestyle news, Atlanta travel, health, faith, celebrities and pop culture news and features from the AJC. 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But as highly visual as the interactive graphic is, it’s also focused on Lorde’s core device: her words. The illustration includes a passage from her 1982 address, “Learning from the 60s,” which was delivered as part of the Malcolm X weekend celebration at Harvard University.","_id":"GWLGDSO2QRESJPFR7H24PX342I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613662635064,"type":"text","content":"“There is no such thing as a single-issue struggle because we do not live single-issue lives,” she said. “Our struggles are particular but we are not alone. What we must do is to commit ourselves to some future that can include each other. And to work toward that future with the particular strengths of our individual identities.”","_id":"HXGTQTCNQVHC7KHF7VTWXRSWJI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613662635065,"type":"text","content":"Lorde, who was born in 1934 in New York City to immigrant parents from Barbados and Grenada, explained she wrote because “I am a warrior and my poetry is my weapon.”","_id":"ADCTGOVVTRBF5FSLGORK3DT22M","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"HO654SMXZFGM5EOFUMEQXMVEO4","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/8-powerful-quotes-to-kick-off-black-history-month/XPDKXJM4SV2WYQCOOJJDTPKIVA/","content":"8 powerful quotes to kick off Black History Month","_id":"DV672JMMIFCXVMEFM7J3MAJFMI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613662635067,"type":"text","content":"“I’ve written as much as I have because I have a responsibility to do this work,” she said.","_id":"V55X7GJQ7RGJPFQSLAPLW4ON2M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613662635068,"type":"text","content":"Ahanonu says she hopes people who see the doodle feel empowered and pushed to discuss their problems and discover their similarities with others instead of their differences.","_id":"TDPJD4WITFGEPFRNEGLZRMJYIA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613662635069,"type":"text","content":"“Today, Black artists capture global attention, and the dramatic rise in search interest for Black artists shows the demand for Black voices,” Google wrote in a blog post about the new virtual artwork.","_id":"USJR6MVNRNCHLEFAFBTA5SDFVI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613662635070,"type":"text","content":"For more on the Black History Month 2021 Google Doodle and other artwork commissioned for the annual celebration of the achievements and contributions of Black Americans, visit the Google Doodle blog."],"display_date":"2021-02-18T16:03:58.155Z","headlines":"basic":"Black History Month Google Doodle honors activist Audre Lorde","first_publish_date":"2021-02-18T16:03:58.155Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/life","parent":"default":"https://www.ajc.com/","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"https://www.ajc.com/","name":"Life","description":"Atlanta living and lifestyle news, Atlanta travel, health, faith, celebrities and pop culture news and features from the AJC. 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His mother told him they’re called veterinarians. But he’d never seen a Black vet, so he decided instead to go into fishery and wildlife.","_id":"BI4KTWARYVGYNI543CQAGKYBFI","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"BZUQ2OQG7JCAJOU3AIFQELSMFQ","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/life/georgias-critter-fixers-renewed-for-another-season/I6IINRMXENFHXCDTC5VPVC5JHY/","content":"Georgia’s Critter Fixers renewed for another season","_id":"66LFPP645NAINDLSUSQ3TRBCBU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612994260049,"type":"text","content":"“It wasn’t until my junior year in college that I saw a Black vet,” he said. That’s because fewer than 2% of the country’s veterinarians look like him.","_id":"BJVB2FLYJZHUHBB4TP6CFSTQM4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612994260051,"type":"text","content":"That vet, Dr. Earnest Corker, inspired Ferguson to continue to follow his heart and become a vet. 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Those are two of only four historically Black universities — with Delaware State University and Florida A&M — to offer a degree in veterinary medicine, and Tuskegee is the only one to offer a doctorate.","_id":"KDYTN5NJIFARDDINLG3RVHY4ZM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":["pos":234,"comment":"Saturday, "],"comments":[],"_id":1613317320944,"type":"text","content":"The two opened Critter Fixer Veterinary Hospital in 1999, and last year became the newest members of the National Geographic family with their own show, “Critter Fixers: Country Vets.” Season 2 will premiere on Nat Geo Wild at 9 p.m. May 22, and you can watch Season 1 on Disney+ (look for the Nat Geo Wild tab).","_id":"Z2FKAFKQ6NFPNEGVA3ENQ56V6Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613317320945,"type":"text","content":"Their journey wasn’t an easy one, however, and the two have made it their mission to clear the path for the next generation.","_id":"EQWGLP5XCBGPHNSZ3FD3T342AE","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"363HMDVVPZENLP64XGSQZ2MITQ","type":"raw_html","content":"","_id":"B2Q3DJEZ75BTXCEVOWY4R6B6UY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613342768845,"type":"text","content":"Evolution of the Black veterinarian","_id":"GV3HGPV2IFDT7DBNVFGB335WIA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613342768846,"type":"text","content":"Dr. Booker T. Washington founded Tuskegee University in Alabama in 1881. Washington’s thought was, in the South, the white farmer was not going to let you work on him.","_id":"HJYPMNOGDFH6DO3TAZFOY6W6JY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613342768847,"type":"text","content":"“But the most important thing at that time was their mule,” Hodges said, “so he said, ‘Let’s get a veterinary school started.’ Because if we can get an African American trained as a doctor of veterinary medicine, we can work on that mule.","_id":"VUD3WVFISZBFRDEY42KZHVCPOI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666639,"type":"text","content":"“It was brilliant,” he continued, “because that’s the most important thing. If you’re a farmer and you’re in the Deep South, and you’ve got this mule, and this mule is dying, you don’t care who’s working on it. 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So when we graduated, we were able to hit the ground running.”","_id":"ZZ2ANY2ZGFFQJJXQEJH4N2UAWE","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"Y7HZDXLCORCOZMEIO7LS4N6MGI","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/lifestyles/georgia-veterinarians-get-their-own-show-nat-geo-wild/mDjr4Ojicivl62J7sCPezK/","content":"Georgia veterinarians get their own show on Nat Geo Wild","_id":"4GPK32KZ6JGZRGYDOCT6RRI3QU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613641076392,"type":"text","content":"The journey","_id":"PGQV4CG4UFFHHP3YM2CR3EPLCA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613317320947,"type":"text","content":"When the friends graduated with their doctorates, Ferguson and Hodges sought gainful employment, “but there weren’t a lot of opportunities,” Hodges said. So they made their own.","_id":"IBCMRWU7UVERRPTK6GOX3EIBWA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613317320948,"type":"text","content":"The pair built their business from the ground up — quite literally. After finding a 1,000-square-foot space to lease, they built the walls, the exam tables and everything else they needed. They ate sandwiches every day to make ends meet.","_id":"622CIFZ32ZHCDGSLIDX7UTOLXE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666644,"type":"text","content":"“We definitely were qualified veterinarians,” Ferguson said, “but we were overqualified receptionists, veterinary technicians, kennel help and pooper scoopers. We had to do it all.”","_id":"OEHHAU2A3RGIDF5AHDVMB4BCJY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613317320949,"type":"text","content":"That startup clinic has now grown into one of Houston County’s busiest veterinary hospitals. Critter Fixer Veterinary Hospital is more than 7,000 square feet and the only veterinary clinic in the Bonaire/Warner Robins area offering digital radiography.","_id":"XKOFMLKC4NCVZOE7JGNJS3DKMI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613342768853,"type":"text","content":"Clearing the path","_id":"NBY6WSOLMRE73M336RCYKQFTQM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613342768854,"type":"text","content":"Critter Fixer has become not only a business success, but also a steppingstone for veterinary students.","_id":"2HUFNHDYQJH7XK72GW5QJXIOLE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666648,"type":"text","content":"“One thing we’re always talking about is giving that extra hand up,” Ferguson said. Their animal hospital is near Fort Valley State, and a lot of the veterinary science students have worked at Critter Fixer.","_id":"YVNOIPDR5JFRPMGA4QKSNLZILU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666649,"type":"text","content":"“Dr. Hodges and I have been very, very, very instrumental to being a steppingstone for them,” Ferguson said. “Of the 25-30 technicians we have, probably 75% are graduates of Fort Valley State University.”","_id":"7IMSX75DBFE63BFB7IMZ2FXGWE","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"52NQ4ZGDCZGDNF56225PPQTKZU","type":"raw_html","content":"

","_id":"4FZQIXTGLVFEPHWDMRQ2C6VDRY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666650,"type":"text","content":"They call it the Critter Fixer Family Tree, which is veterinarians they have either groomed at their hospital or written letters for to get into veterinary school.","_id":"FFQDYN6QYZHRFO5LG2S5N3DLQU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666651,"type":"text","content":"“And it’s up to 63 we have had a big hand in helping to become veterinarians,” Ferguson said.","_id":"55Q3CTPM4NEZXD22T275ZEVO4I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666652,"type":"text","content":"Hodges added, “The veterinarians in the Critter Fixer Tree are all around the country and have gone on to do great things.”","_id":"6MZWP2GSV5EGHH7UURWIFTUASM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666653,"type":"text","content":"“It’s been awesome because we know we’ve had a hand in helping with this diversity issue we have in our profession,” Ferguson said, “and we’re going to continue to do it.”","_id":"FG5F75JONFBXHM77HG4GL3NTDY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666654,"type":"text","content":"First steps","_id":"LGP2FE2R2VCCDMH6VT3POHFX3Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666655,"type":"text","content":"The doctors aren’t waiting until kids are in vet school, however, before being an influence.","_id":"YTYTO7WAQBA3FLRL6675UD6YS4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666656,"type":"text","content":"Ferguson has written a children’s book, “C is for Critter Fixer,” that is loosely based on his experience.","_id":"JKAPNUITDVBYBKQOREUDBMHEHE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666657,"type":"text","content":"He said he wrote the book because “when I was young, I didn’t see a Black veterinarian, so I said, ‘You know what? I want to let kids know that it does not matter what color you are, it doesn’t matter if you’re handicapped. Whatever your restrictions are, you can become one — even if you don’t see it.’ And the great thing is this platform on Nat Geo Wild allows people to be able to see us. It may not seem important, but I know it’s important, because I never saw that growing up.","_id":"ME5AFSJTNRFPDAX5VNOOJQXX7U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666658,"type":"text","content":"“We don’t take that lightly, and that’s why we’re so involved with our community and with young adults now,” he said.","_id":"KB6MIUIBS5H2NN346RUBDVFHAE","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"7PVYHX54MFFDLCYZ3TLQCAUNZY","type":"raw_html","content":"

","_id":"P4XQPPOWJBEV3HE4RQ5WHYHGTM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666659,"type":"text","content":"The doctors know there is more to being a success than just getting into vet school.","_id":"MEDS67UXBFGMRPC22I4YW36QCI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666660,"type":"text","content":"“Even though we talk about diversity and education, we gotta start helping with the socioeconomics,” Hodges said.","_id":"BMZNJNZG4JFDPPCIOAK3GQU334","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666661,"type":"text","content":"“I have a foundation that teaches socioeconomics called It Takes a Village,” he continued. “It takes groups of kids and teaches them business skills — just the basics. Then we help them develop a business. And once they come up with their idea, then we fund the business. We have kids who have started apps; they’ve started yard care businesses. Because socioeconomics is the key.”","_id":"MHUJ5XRAZNDPLCNRLDUJBR4EFU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666662,"type":"text","content":"“I wanted to show people that I didn’t learn anything on Wall Street, I don’t have an MBA, but through the school of hard knocks, I learned some finance, and I wanted to teach that,” Hodges said.","_id":"CSZWX4FV6ZAKFM4JIYF4WBU7SE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666663,"type":"text","content":"“We have to expose them to these things more at an early age,” Ferguson added.","_id":"SJSY7GRRQBCV3IRO72A4FLSHAA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666664,"type":"text","content":"In the South, Hodges said, “all these kids want to be professional football players, right? Or professional basketball players. But think about it: Do you ever hear a kid say he wants to be a professional hockey player? No, because they don’t see it.","_id":"T2HHS2ZZIFCY5ETDSYZ4XQB4EM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666665,"type":"text","content":"“So when they see us, then they think, ‘OK, this is possible. I see this guy. I see the platform that Nat Geo or Disney has given these guys. Those guys are veterinarians,’ " he added.","_id":"IQFZJC6FCZBXJBTFFL2MKXRU3E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666667,"type":"text","content":"When people think about historically Black colleges and universities, Hodges said, they think Martin Luther King Jr. and Morehouse, and George Washington Carver and Tuskegee.","_id":"E3IJIFQOG5CUJOJ4X7BQGODWMQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666668,"type":"text","content":"“It’s really cool to see Kamala,” he said. Harris graduated from Howard, which is an HBCU.","_id":"STFHOQPVJFDRZBHNRC4YNTHSTU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666669,"type":"text","content":"“Now I think people are starting to see that HBCUs produce amazing, smart people from all walks of life,” Hodges said. “And it’s so cool now, because people see Kamala, and they’re like, ‘Man, she went to an HBCU.’”","_id":"FUQIPW6GRBGNJKSPY6JQCWFY2M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613350666670,"type":"text","content":"Ferguson added: “I want people to understand that if you went to an HBCU, you can achieve just as much and maybe more than everyone else. Let’s embrace where we are. Let’s continue to be positive, professional and exude what the HBCUs have to offer.”","_id":"M2EZU26I3ZFHFCYDSPLJGJG6FE","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"2LACXVZJS5EP3PHVGSHU55TGLI","type":"divider","_id":"MRNDYQ44PNBADEL64KSRTYIBCI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613163475079,"type":"text","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH","_id":"4QTCJQJXE5EOHHQ7TN6RBS55BY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613163475080,"type":"text","content":"Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. Go to AJC.com/black-history-month for more subscriber exclusives on people, places and organizations that have changed the world, and to see videos on the African American pioneers featured here each day.","_id":"J5HTPO7VO5D4NBADL5UMJFHJUM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612994260053,"type":"text","content":"
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It was a triumph for hip-hop, a genre long held by some musical academics as a form less likely to produce poetic lyricism and storytelling than other popular styles. But the victory, which marked a departure for an award that had always gone to classical or jazz musicians, was for Lamar, too. Lamar followed a tradition of brilliant lyricism in hip-hop, but his award was widely praised as well-earned for the 33-year-old.","_id":"GV44RQZQXNHNRDXMIDKFVKJRRE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485546,"type":"text","content":"“Kendrick doesn’t forget he comes from a bloodline of Black musicians. Kendrick also doesn’t forget the history of America. You listen to him, and you hear a Black man who observes the world as he sees it,” said Yoh Phillips, music journalist and co-host of “Sum’n to Say,” the popular Atlanta-based hip-hop podcast. “He’s my favorite kind of rapper, one who is aware, thoughtful, and critical of the times.”","_id":"5LMI6QMGBFCYBGNVUKBW5P5GRI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613495819714,"type":"text","content":"Beginning in the 2000s, the rapper, whose full name is Kendrick Lamar Duckworth, got notice for the stories he wrote about growing up in Compton, brushes with the law, systemic racism, the grip of poverty, gangs and heavy-handed gang cops. Lamar’s 2012 album “Good Kid, M.A.A.D City,” nominated for album of the year at the 2014 Grammy Awards, interwove those tales to construct a broader narrative about a central character. It cast Lamar as his younger self, trying to navigate coming from a place where, as he puts it, kids get used to violence and feeling under siege by all the forces competing for their attention: the neighborhood, the Pirus and the Crips, the police, the family, the art and a dream.","_id":"BJSBGJKSDJHAZBT5LTDV66FRZU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485548,"type":"text","content":"By the time 2018′s “Damn” arrived, it was clear Lamar had grown, even after the feat that was “Good Kid, M.A.A.D City.” On “Damn” similar themes return, but Lamar writes about them from a different place in life. In 2012, he was rising. In 2018, he had risen and was chosen to do the soundtrack for the blockbuster movie, “Black Panther.” On “Damn”, he looks back on the corrupting and pursuing forces he faced growing up, but there is more distance, more perspective and, at times, more righteous anger.","_id":"Y5R45CF5D5GRJNGDLF3KJVA4CI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485549,"type":"text","content":"“His songs can go from discussing religion, to exploring his history with depression, and then shift to him making fun of how immature he was when he was a kid,” said Darrelyn Hughes, an attorney in Duluth. “You can dance, laugh, and cry when listening to a single Kendrick song.”","_id":"GWMESS3MX5HHXP7LLKTAEPSSFA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485550,"type":"text","content":"While other artists preen on social media and in frequent interviews, Lamar seems to like to let the songs speak. As with many popular but private artists, he can be misunderstood and run up against a problem encountered by musicians of any genre that inspires people to dance: sometimes people just want a good beat and simple words to make them forget their troubles.","_id":"KUAB2VFIIRFXXG2Y5Y736C4YHY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485551,"type":"text","content":"All over the country, this was the reaction to Lamar’s 2012 hit, “Swimming Pools (Drank).” It had the good beat, but everyone didn’t listen close enough to the lyrics to realize the song is about losing yourself to the perils of abusing alcohol. Yet Phillips, the music journalist, heard the song at many clubs and house parties. Revelers would shout, “Pour up, drank, pour up, drank,” the ironic hook intended to inspire you to stop drinking.","_id":"NEEBN2DM65AGXH3TEDZJLB7PZU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485552,"type":"text","content":"Within a few years, Lamar was becoming less misunderstood, gaining recognition with a slew of awards.","_id":"J54HQEV4OJEITLRWIEHNWLM6BA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485553,"type":"text","content":"But the Pulitzer? It was recognition from the nation’s highbrow scribes, given out by Columbia University, no less.","_id":"Z634BLEWR5EP3LUOTXEZBSA45E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485554,"type":"text","content":"“It was one of those things I heard about in school,” Lamar told Time magazine, “but I never thought I’d be a part of it. (When I heard I got it), I thought, to be recognized in an academic world . . . whoa, this thing really can take me above and beyond.”","_id":"23YLYUPRORGNBPFRJRATM2YGCQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613494485555,"type":"text","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH: Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. 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Melissa is a regular contributor to the AJC's Access Atlanta podcast, as well as co-host of Cox Media's "2 Girls Talking" podcast. Melissa has a master's in English from Virginia Commonwealth University and a bachelor’s in journalism from Florida International University. She previously worked as the pop music critic at the Richmond Times-Dispatch and the South Florida Sun-Sentinel. She lives in Atlanta with her husband and two rescue cats. 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Akili-Casundria Ramsess/Eye of Ramsess Media","type":"image","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/OO5VP4KS2VYBS7U6OGGFXX5GTY.jpg","height":1454}},"_id":"425GW7INRZEERFHEEXDO4N5BMI"},{"content_elements":["_id":"GLVDV54YYNF3XKDS4EJUVRJWJA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612206552628,"type":"text","content":"Betty Byrom began talking to the 6-foot-plus John Sanford one evening in the canteen at the Indiana University grad school dorm, and found him quite appealing.","_id":"QCNHIJOLHNAFZESJEWCBCOILPY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365691,"type":"text","content":"The two were an unusual pair: She was a dark-skinned Georgia girl and he was a pale Midwesterner, six years her junior.","_id":"OTSXXPDXDFFIHG2A7IG2Z22KJM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365692,"type":"text","content":"But both were studying the social sciences, and their conversation eclipsed everything that was happening around them. “We talked and talked and talked. When we looked around, we were the only people left in the canteen,” she remembers, 50 years later. “At midnight, he walked me home.”","_id":"J6FBQIYY7RGYBP2JXRPNUM5VNA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365693,"type":"text","content":"Said John, “I was interested.” Then adds wryly, “fortunately I didn’t know about the age difference.” (He was 24; she was 30.)","_id":"QXSJPUO2NVCDHBJQBZ7I3PR43U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365694,"type":"text","content":"That meeting sparked a romance, then a proposal. It produced a marriage and two sons and a union still going strong after 50 years. It also brought about the end of a medieval Georgia law forbidding marriage between Black and white citizens.","_id":"3BQFUVLOJRFTZIQ5BH7O7AS33Q","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"CN3FTDR4GFBSDARMN56GOLR62M","type":"interstitial_link","content":"Black History Month","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/martin-luther-king-jr/","_id":"I3LA6UKBM5GZTC5XTXW6ZBSQXA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365695,"type":"text","content":"Georgia did not change easily. It required the intervention of the U.S. attorney general on behalf of the young couple, and a restraining order against a Clayton County ordinary.","_id":"2KZHA2VDEJA73H6OVKY6PPDV2A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365696,"type":"text","content":"Betty and John recognize that what happened on May 8, 1971, in Clayton County, Georgia, was a significant event.","_id":"2HWUMEJY75DGXHB4PDI7TOCZ7Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612474525285,"type":"text","content":"Just before the wedding, a Jet magazine reporter offered to accompany them to Danforth Chapel on the Morehouse College campus and tell that story, but they demurred. This was a personal occasion, not national news.","_id":"5TVEG6OMFNFBNK3V3WKX4HRLKI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365698,"type":"text","content":"Now they know it was both.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","copyright":"Sylvia Jarrus ","address":"street_address":"Lansing ","region":"Michigan ","caption":"A photo of John and Betty Sanford, on their wedding day in 1971. 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She experienced a turning point in her life as a high school student during a special trip to New York and Washington, D.C. Standing outside the Supreme Court building and looking up at the inscription, “EQUAL JUSTICE UNDER THE LAW,” she had a revelation.","_id":"CJPF4C7T7VG4FPA2RKTCIZ7IYI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365701,"type":"text","content":"“That statement was totally not true, and it shook me to the core,” she said recently from her home in Lansing, Michigan. “Tears ran down my face.”","_id":"AWKJDWM4GFEXXPNTC4R3ZHG4OU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365702,"type":"text","content":"John Sanford grew up in Valparaiso, Indiana. His father worked for U.S. Steel in Gary, Indiana, and John volunteered at the Gary Neighborhood House, a social service center in an all-Black neighborhood.","_id":"WLZRPAEFWVCWZMU5V5EWXG4QNM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365703,"type":"text","content":"While his life was lived at a distance from that world, his experience prompted him to study sociology at Purdue.","_id":"727YS545DVA5XKIATD7M42DEJY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365704,"type":"text","content":"At Purdue, he was also required to join the ROTC, and he graduated with an officer’s commission. Sanford was a second lieutenant, taking officer’s training at Fort Benning, and Byrom was working for the Urban League in Detroit when they were engaged.","content_elements":["_id":"3F3NNPESLBCNDPKW42BALUQFGU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"type":"text","content":"“When I was a young girl, I said I don’t think I’d marry a white guy. I don’t even think I want to date one. If I did marry one, he’d have to be rich. I surprised myself, I’m going to tell you. When I met John, I forgot all about that.”"],"subtype":"blockquote","citation":"type":"text","content":"Betty Sanford","_id":"5Y4ANEH54FBL7BUH7BO5CQHSAY","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"75N4ZMSHEFGBXCQEZ5UKIO66WQ","type":"quote","_id":"M4GSOJDURRHQZN7ZTDGJR2XRME","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365706,"type":"text","content":"On April 2, 1971, they posted an engagement announcement in The Atlanta Constitution and began to plan the wedding at long distance, reserving a spot at the Danforth Chapel, arranging a reception at the Phyllis Wheatley YWCA and a honeymoon in Florida.","_id":"OQIYX7XM3FBMDKC3KOLQ4WL3W4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365707,"type":"text","content":"The invitations went out. Relatives in South Georgia, Alabama, Indiana, New Mexico and Ohio organized travel arrangements. On Tuesday, May 4, they sought a marriage license from the Clayton County ordinary, H.W. Roberts.","_id":"BVCB4HFDFBGQLGVX6TNXR6K47M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365708,"type":"text","content":"He told them it was against the law, and he would be charged with a misdemeanor if he cooperated. Then he gave them the card of a lawyer who might help them.","_id":"YZAILO4LJBA4PM3JUZ5PHXCQKQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365709,"type":"text","content":"John and Betty politely accepted the card, left the courthouse and drove right past the lawyer’s office. “I knew about the Loving case,” said Betty, and she was against hiring a lawyer. “We’re not paying one penny,” she said at the time. “This case has already been won.”","_id":"BGKRDC7LNRDNHKPNBNKH7MCRJE","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"5RQGO7XMS5D37KEWTBVY2F6OSU","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/lifestyles/how-interfaith-friendship-bolstered-the-fight-for-civil-rights/6lCGR62us56KfDx08xqwQJ/","content":"MLK and Rabbi Jacob Rotshchild: How an interfaith friendship bolstered the fight for civil rights","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"Mildred Loving and her husband Richard in 1965. Richard died in a car wreck in 1975. Mildred lived to be 68, pasing away in 2008. (AP photo)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"dde93560-4d99-11e7-af82-cfdcd7f8af2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/PGXSYSRPPJJZSC7FVQTYB36G6I.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2017-06-12T10:00:00Z","credits":,"subtitle":"50 years of Loving","width":1952,"first_publish_date":"2017-06-12T10:00:00Z","_id":"PGXSYSRPPJJZSC7FVQTYB36G6I","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/u77-xFftHdKvEmbC-OZLixENTXU=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/PGXSYSRPPJJZSC7FVQTYB36G6I.jpg","comments":[],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/u77-xFftHdKvEmbC-OZLixENTXU=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/PGXSYSRPPJJZSC7FVQTYB36G6I.jpg","takenOn":"2017-06-12T10:00:00Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/PGXSYSRPPJJZSC7FVQTYB36G6I.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/u77-xFftHdKvEmbC-OZLixENTXU=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/PGXSYSRPPJJZSC7FVQTYB36G6I.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/XYScCdO22H59E3qVr3ByrIsr7DI=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/PGXSYSRPPJJZSC7FVQTYB36G6I.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p8/MyAJC/2017/06/12/Images/newsEngin.18964129_125844_OBIT_LOVING_NY109.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":"GJEABKO7VBECBD6VACFCFAI5CA","publicationStartDate":"2017-06-12T10:00:00Z","created_date":"2020-06-27T04:33:49Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-27T04:33:49Z","publish_date":"2017-06-12T10:00:00Z","height":1536,"_id":"EFT5KWZ5SFHKNILHQVCKYELWME","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365710,"type":"text","content":"The Loving decision","_id":"DUPLIXW7QNA6LP2255XEXPJAOY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612474525299,"type":"text","content":"In 1958, a Virginia couple named Richard and Mildred Loving were sentenced to a year in prison for marrying each other. They were arrested after police raided their home in the middle of the night, shining a flashlight in their faces as they slept in their own bed.","_id":"Y3QP2R5LIVAE7ICDUR56XLBDLY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365711,"type":"text","content":"Their appeals reached the U.S. Supreme Court in 1967, which found in their favor and vacated the Virginia law against interracial marriage.","_id":"GVVSQCDE2VFMRHLSEFTYVQ2ODM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365712,"type":"text","content":"That ruling instantly voided so-called anti-miscegenation state laws elsewhere, said scholar Jane Dailey, though states fought against the change.","_id":"K25IUF4PYFH2JFERNQAOEXQEWQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365713,"type":"text","content":"Dailey, author of “White Fright,” and professor of history at the University of Chicago, said some states, such as Alabama, thought they could permanently protect laws against interracial marriage by including them in the state constitution. It didn’t work.","_id":"R2I7UZH4ORDFBMEU26AWW4FZJA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365714,"type":"text","content":"Dailey’s book details the way white Southerners sought to reinforce Jim Crow laws by exploiting fears of marital relations between the races. In Georgia, the strategy worked until 1971.","_id":"42QAK3MVHRHPZN5OUWPKZ6W2EI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365715,"type":"text","content":"It is difficult to know whether a Georgia marriage license may have been granted to another interracial couple before the Sanfords were wed. Anne Sodini Emanuel, former associate dean of the Georgia State University Law School, said despite the fact that Georgia’s law was vacated by the 1967 decision, it was still on the books, and “the likelihood a county clerk would still honor it is not remote.”","owner":"id":"ajc","copyright":"Sylvia Jarrus ","address":"street_address":"Lansing ","region":"Michigan ","caption":"John and Betty Sanford, stand for a portrait at home in Lansing, Michigan on February 3, 2021. 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Family members were en route to Georgia. The cake was ordered. She already had a dress.","_id":"SJHSDZQS6ZAXJCSCECOEKHANOM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365717,"type":"text","content":"Growing desperate, they asked for assistance from John’s military authorities, from the ACLU and from Georgia state Rep. Julian Bond.","_id":"ZR6G6GCKRRF2JLTQY3PEIMII6A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365718,"type":"text","content":"All were willing to help, but none could produce a license in four days. The minister they had reserved backed out, citing the lack of a license.","_id":"YP2XY4YOPNA2RKQVNWERPD2MNA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612481343671,"type":"text","content":"Betty asked her brother-in-law, the Rev. Ernest M. Bradford, if he would officiate. Bradford had marched on Selma with John Lewis and the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. He wasn’t scared.","_id":"BBF57KMEABAVPBWNTUOET3VR5I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365719,"type":"text","content":"“Betty came up with an idea,” said John. “That idea,” said Betty, “was to call the U.S. attorney general’s office in Washington. That’s when things started rolling in our favor.”","_id":"XTFGSAEX6VCY3GRDBJHNN272XA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365720,"type":"text","content":"The attorney on their case assured them that they could proceed with the wedding, and that by the time they returned from their honeymoon, they would have a license.","_id":"YT356O3FIJH7LAXXAEBVC2SKDE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365722,"type":"text","content":"The Sanfords enjoyed their May 8 ceremony, their three-tiered wedding cake, and their drive through Florida. When they returned, the U.S. attorney told them Clayton County was ready to issue a license. Betty insisted that the license be dated May 8.","_id":"VRXCMDX2UFBF7KA337HSJUGRV4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612405277293,"type":"text","content":"“I didn’t think my marriage license date should suffer because of Georgia being out of compliance,” she said.","_id":"Z2GCM7F2PVFTJGOS5FC2ZJ55SI","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"HSAEGCN5AVFSPC2Q3JUU3LJJKA","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/atlanta-news/claude-mundy-atlantas-first-black-officer-killed-in-the-line-of-duty/UU4SQAVDEFGVNG2FELXDTVBKQY/","content":"Claude Mundy: Atlanta’s first Black officer killed in the line of duty","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","copyright":"Sylvia Jarrus ","address":"street_address":"Lansing ","region":"Michigan ","caption":"John and Betty Sanford, sit for a portrait at home in Lansing, Michigan on February 3, 2021. 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His parents and her parents both cautioned that the world could be hurtful.","_id":"PBH4XQMIAFGHFMVDSQ365OXFPQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365726,"type":"text","content":"John said that the first 10 years of their married life were spent on military bases, and that made things easier. He served two years in Army active duty and eight years as a civilian with the American Red Cross Service to Armed Forces. (According to Dailey, interracial marriage is more common among those serving in the armed forces than in other demographics.)","_id":"NCSGHNQWWVC55GGYVRHSN7DFUY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365727,"type":"text","content":"After their two sons, Jawara and Mani, were born, they didn’t give them “the talk” or stress racial lines, and they didn’t tell them about their conflict with the state of Georgia until many years later.","_id":"35HVHPFSGJHEZLHW255ZK3DZ5A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612405277301,"type":"text","content":"“I didn’t want them to grow up with some of the anger I had growing up, so I didn’t talk to them a lot about the lesson people give their kids about police,” said Betty.","owner":"id":"ajc","copyright":"Sylvia Jarrus ","address":"street_address":"Lansing ","region":"Michigan ","caption":"John and Betty Sanford, stand for a portrait at home in Lansing, Michigan on February 3, 2021. 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The vice president of the United States is not only a Black woman, but she is married to a white man.","_id":"S5CS55YEOFD2JGI3V7XEOCE2IQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365732,"type":"text","content":"At the Democratic convention, when Kamala Harris and her family came out onstage, “I remember thinking, ‘what a beautiful rainbow of colors,’” said Betty. “To see that in America is so gratifying, I think it will do a lot to change attitudes.”","_id":"WIYUN2U73BHGVKJZ7YRT3EMTEU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612473365733,"type":"text","content":"In 2017, Betty and John spoke before some 100 members of the Unitarian Universalist Church of Greater Lansing about their journey and about their debt to Richard and Mildred Loving. “They paved the way for us,” said Betty. “I feel like I’m indebted to them. Nobody walked in our bedroom and shined a light in our face at night.”","_id":"PB2D6RSXDNHNFGORVZ5NUTGRMY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612474525323,"type":"text","content":"Their plans for Valentine’s Day — and for their 50th anniversary on May 8 — are somewhat muted by COVID-19. The two have been playing it safe, and don’t even go to the grocery store, preferring to have their food delivered. They plan to capture their life in a video that can be shared with family and friends.","_id":"OHS6HKJ3DBCKHFYKO5G2WK57BI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612474525324,"type":"text","content":"The freedom that they made possible however, will be shared by many Georgia couples, and couples around the country.","_id":"B7JHAGZNXZH4FFYST2RYW6WC4M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612474525325,"type":"text","content":"What their experience proves, said Betty Sanford, is that while love may not conquer all, “it conquers a lot.”","_id":"BHGNUZUZ55B63CGMP2UMZFNR7Y","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"SHRJ5F37RFBCJPFGNM7VJ25D54","type":"divider","level":2,"_id":"FNXWDU4JFVEQVIYT3KWTH73QRE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612359068619,"type":"header","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH","_id":"XASDEOWYXZCL3I3RVZKQBPYLJA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612481005260,"type":"text","content":"Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. Go to AJC.com/black-history-month for more subscriber exclusives on people, places and organizations that have changed the world, and to see videos on the African American pioneers featured here each day.","_id":"JQYQFFTJ7JG3HDGDTSDP3U5O2M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612359068620,"type":"text","content":"
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From “Malcolm X” to “Selma” to “Marshall,” Carter has been authentically translating Black style and fashion through a theatrical lens for over three decades.","_id":"GGHYKIK7N5CNHIBST3MIU7S4ZA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613131596133,"type":"text","content":"With more than 60 film and television projects under her belt, the visual storyteller has mastered multiple genres and time periods, making her one of the most sought after costume designers in Hollywood.","_id":"NW4M4YKBYZBXBFDQ4I4GKH2TVM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613131596134,"type":"text","content":"“It’s been my life’s honor to create costumes,” she said in 2019 while accepting her first Academy Award for best costume design for “Black Panther.”","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","address":,"syndication":,"caption":"The "Black Panther" costume worn by Chadwick Boseman and designed by Academy Award-winning costume designer Ruth E. 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She would sketch and conduct research in her dorm room in preparation for campus performances.After graduating from college and completing a few internships in the early 1980s, she moved to Los Angeles, where she continued to construct costumes for stage productions and dance studios.","_id":"2AEMGDM6ERCSVNT6XPGNTLW5A4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613131596140,"type":"text","content":"Then fate stepped in. While working on a show, she met filmmaker Spike Lee, who’d just finished his first feature film “She’s Gotta Have It.” He was interested in her creations and advised her to join a student’s senior film project at UCLA or the University of Southern California to gain film experience. 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And she’s adorned several A-listers from Oprah Winfrey and Angela Bassett to Eddie Murphy and Forest Whitaker.","_id":"2NM7NTCSZZG6TDVNO3KPCGKCCE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613131596144,"type":"text","content":"During Halloween season, it’s not hard to spot a young boy dressed in an all-black jumpsuit in admiration of King T’Challa from “Black Panther” or a pair of women in bright, latex outfits impersonating Nisi and Mickey from “B.A.P.S.”","_id":"JPEEP46IPFENBM37QLWB4FRYYI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613131596145,"type":"text","content":"Carter’s work is extensive, and her impact is undeniable.","_id":"DMDLQDIJCFCLFOCXUYHDWHOBKM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613131596146,"type":"text","content":"In December 2020, SCAD FASH Museum of Fashion + Film opened the “Ruth E. Carter: Afrofuturism in Costume Design” exhibit to celebrate her journey. It features 60 of her ensembles, along with her sketches and research materials.","_id":"O3U7Z7MZ2JCKLHILMZUE5VHYFU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613131596147,"type":"text","content":"Carter has designed for many superheroes throughout her career, but her indelible mark on history proves she has superpowers of her own.","_id":"S3WIWFVXERBXFIMV7O56HBY55E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613135759790,"type":"text","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH: Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. Go to AJC.com/black-history-month for more subscriber exclusives on people, places and organizations that have changed the world, and to see videos on the African American pioneers featured here each day.","_id":"7UFLOLXZRFAQLJB5U7H4K4FPOU","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"2RVBJECCHNCF5DWO6GHAYMUTYU","type":"divider","_id":"JNYSGW4IN5DTZGMPKXMARL6GKQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613135759792,"type":"text","content":"“Ruth E. Carter: Afrofuturism in Costume Design”","_id":"HX5DARVIENB5JEEWA2KF3APWUY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":["pos":16,"comment":", 2021"],"comments":[],"_id":1613135759793,"type":"text","content":"Through Sept. 12. SCAD FASH Museum of Fashion + Film. 1600 Peachtree St. NW, Atlanta. 404-253-3132, scadfash.org."],"display_date":"2021-02-13T10:00:00Z","headlines":"basic":"Costume designer Ruth E. Carter adorns stars for Hollywood","first_publish_date":"2021-02-13T10:00:00Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1088,"_website_section_id":"ajc./news/martin-luther-king-jr","type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/sepia","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"AJC Sepia","description":"AJC Sepia provides sophisticated coverage of important issues in the black community","_id":"/news/sepia","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","MainMenuRedesign2021":"/life","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"AJC Sepia provides sophisticated coverage of important issues in the black community","site_title":"AJC Sepia","navigation":"nav_title":"AJC Sepia","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"AJC Sepia","_id":"/news/sepia","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"TopNavRedesign":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"MainMenuRedesign2021":["https://www.ajc.com/","/life"],"order":"AmpNav":2019,"default":2019,"SectionMap":1148,"MainMenuRedesign2021":2008,"ComposerNav":1092,"_website_section_id":"ajc./news/sepia","type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/life","parent":"default":"https://www.ajc.com/","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"https://www.ajc.com/","name":"Life","description":"Atlanta living and lifestyle news, Atlanta travel, health, faith, celebrities and pop culture news and features from the AJC. 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Carter","width":1280,"caption":"Ruth Carter speaks at the 2018 WonderCon at the Anaheim Convention Center California. (Gage Skidmore / WikiCommons)","type":"image","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/OG4MIZFYWRBIHAEK3XL75SLC3E.jpg","height":853,"_id":"JMRSC7BB35EI7NDUBKFIKCQFOE"},{"content_elements":["_id":"3724ETJ5HZALHHE7MYSM63XQRY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1594149803868,"type":"text","content":"Although the first celebration of Black History Month was in 1970, there is still so much to learn about the achievements and contributions of Black Americans.","_id":"MSET372335H2PCITV62QF2IVDQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613139213987,"type":"text","content":"Here are seven facts I didn’t know, and you might not, either.","_id":"NDPQO3FPINDFRJRO4ZOUHAKTCQ","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"JBUOEXU77VGMVMZSXLRPVG4C2M","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/martin-luther-king-jr/","content":"Learn about Black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta","_id":"DZGCVOFWHZAWZNVRKCQV3U6MFA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613139213988,"type":"text","content":"1. Claudette Colvin","_id":"RR66Y6XB3ZGABFEEDH5DNCMASE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613139213989,"type":"text","content":"Everyone knows the story of Rosa Parks and her brave stand — or, sit — on that Alabama bus. But Parks wasn’t the first to do so.","_id":"TBUOPBVPEBGCTKVVFCTENAX4RU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613139213990,"type":"text","content":"On March 2, 1955, a 15-year-old Claudette Colvin was riding home from school when the city bus driver told her to give up her seat to a white passenger. She refused, saying, “It’s my constitutional right to sit here as much as that lady. I paid my fare, it’s my constitutional right.” Colvin felt compelled to stand her ground. “I felt like Sojourner Truth was pushing down on one shoulder and Harriet Tubman was pushing down on the other—saying, ‘Sit down girl!’ I was glued to my seat,” she later told Newsweek.","_id":"N7LP554DAVAZRNY6DZMR2SBJUA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613139213991,"type":"text","content":"According to biography.com, the NAACP briefly considered using Colvin’s case to challenge the segregation laws, but it decided against it because of her age.","_id":"YPFIJF66CJHSJPHHLHOYONGN2A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857739,"type":"text","content":"2. Maya Angelou","_id":"DMVYTNBRZVHNLMJOMKR3RP32SM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857740,"type":"text","content":"Even if you haven’t read any of Maya Angelou’s poems or other writings, you’ve heard of her. But did you know that In 1944, she became the first female Black cable car conductor in San Francisco?","_id":"OLJBBKJUOFD4TME5R5RFLDW4DI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857741,"type":"text","content":"After weeks of trying to get an interview for the job, Angelou wrote:","_id":"HGKKUX2UGJCWPOTJJQ5P7WIUD4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857742,"type":"text","content":"“(O)ne day, which was tiresomely like all the others before it, I sat in the Railway office, ostensibly waiting to be interviewed.","_id":"KXAKZRDPNRGJHAH2L3PN4WREAU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857743,"type":"text","content":"“The receptionist called me to her desk and shuffled a bundle of papers to me. They were job application forms. She said they had to be filled in triplicate. I had little time to wonder if I had won or not, for the standard questions reminded me of the necessity for dexterous lying. How old was I? List my previous jobs, starting from the last held and go backward to the first. How much money did I earn, and why did I leave the position? Give two references (not relatives).","_id":"PWP3LID25ZF7BMQ3PKD5NF2H7U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857744,"type":"text","content":"“Sitting at a side table my mind and I wove a cat’s ladder of near truths and total lies. I kept my face blank (an old art) and wrote quickly the fable of Marguerite Johnson, aged nineteen, former companion and driver for Mrs. Annie Henderson (a White lady) in Stamps, Arkansas.","_id":"TDOCCFTILFEXHI7TID2TI4JDUY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857745,"type":"text","content":"“I was given blood tests, aptitude tests, physical coordination tests, and Rorschachs, then on a blissful day I was hired as the first Negro on the San Francisco streetcars.”","_id":"CTIX5OTSMNA75O3U4IIAGGD4KI","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"4WNOLI2GHJGNJEO3CBIWQM6LNQ","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/ajc-staff-photos-maya-angelou-through-the-years/TLM3qmBEoii10sjFj5CDdI/","content":"AJC staff photos: Maya Angelou through the years","_id":"XSZYXZCM2FGBPDD44S44AAWDTE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857747,"type":"text","content":"3. Rebecca Lee Crumpler","_id":"IMKYYG5DCNDJDD4RRRNMB4WTZ4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857748,"type":"text","content":"After working eight years as a nurse, Rebecca Lee Crumpler began medical school at the New England Female Medical College in 1860. This school was the first in the United States to train female doctors, Harvard wrote. She graduated in 1864 as the first Black woman to receive an M.D. in the U.S. At the time, only 300 of the 54,543 physicians in the U.S. were women, and none of them were Black.","_id":"UEKEKFTXKVEDPHSDAZOMOJZFZA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857749,"type":"text","content":"After opening a medical clinic in Boston, she women and children who lived in poverty, often asking no payment for her services.","_id":"3AOIQ47RYZF3RFPZFDO3R6HRFA","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"R5EPL4BVSJC3PH354CYKCPHAXY","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/opinion/medical-pioneer-and-modern-challenge/90usAZ3xc8i64LJBuij0FI/","content":"A medical pioneer and a modern challenge","_id":"G3PFTIT2E5H7HCSRI6YX33GSTM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857751,"type":"text","content":"4. Blacks fighting for the Union","_id":"QEUN63HV2NFCBJRDUVJY4QL4FQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857752,"type":"text","content":"By the end of the Civil War, about 179,000 Black men served as soldiers in the U.S. Army — making up 10% of total troops. An additional 19,000 served in the Navy, according to the National Archives. Nearly 40,000 Black soldiers died over the course of the war — 30,000 of infection or disease. Black soldiers served in artillery and infantry, and performed all noncombat support functions that sustain an army. Black carpenters, chaplains, cooks, guards, laborers, nurses, scouts, spies, steamboat pilots, surgeons and teamsters also contributed to the war cause. There were nearly 80 Black commissioned officers.","_id":"VDW65PA4NNCVXCSFNSW52CQZEQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857753,"type":"text","content":"5. Black women fighting for the Union","_id":"3GL6UHNIVBAXFG6FXQ2KR7EY54","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857754,"type":"text","content":"Black men fighting in the Civil War have aften been depicted in movies, but little has been said about the Black women. These women, who couldn’t formally join the Army, served as nurses, spies and scouts, according to the National Archives. The most famous was Harriet Tubman, who scouted for the 2nd South Carolina Volunteers.","_id":"WUQQVPV3YFAM5K5O5ZDUAKZJN4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857755,"type":"text","content":"6. Annie Turnbo Malone","_id":"ICA72Q7CDNGLBBXZHSI5FIWU3I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857756,"type":"text","content":"Annie Turnbo Malone was one of the country’s first Black millionaires. She started Poro Co., which made hair and beauty products for the Black community. She hired the young Sarah Breedlove as one of her door-to-door sales agents. You probably know Breedlove better as Madam C.J. Walker, who invented a line of African American hair products after, according to biography.com, suffering from a scalp ailment that resulted in her own hair loss.","_id":"UNGRZKOU7JF7NNWGVARGFJMADQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857757,"type":"text","content":"7. Black inventors","_id":"7O5LOGRMOBDFHDVCWTSBBVZPVI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857758,"type":"text","content":"Everyone may know about George Washington Carver, but there are so many more Black inventors who have contributed much to our way of life. Here are just four:","_id":"VVB57UIRYRDLNAXODG3KJSRF2Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857759,"type":"text","content":"Lewis Howard Latimer: Invented and patented the carbon filament, so lightbulbs would last longer than those with a paper filament designed by Thomas Edison.","_id":"EXJAWMWIAFHGLNSJW7UHTSP23A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857760,"type":"text","content":"Sarah Boone: An African American dressmaker, she made her name by inventing the modern-day ironing board. With its approval in 1892, she became one of the first Black women to be awarded a patent.","_id":"IML73HJC2FHBLOLO3XCSCH4QXE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857761,"type":"text","content":"Garrett Morgan: Love them or curse them, you can thank 46-year-old inventor and newspaperman Garrett Morgan for the three-position traffic signal. “Though Morgan’s was not the first traffic signal (that one had been installed in London in 1868), it was an important innovation nonetheless: By having a third position besides just ‘Stop’ and ‘Go,’ it regulated crossing vehicles more safely than earlier signals had,” history.com wrote.","_id":"ED3U22IULBEFNOTBPZAZOHG4RU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857762,"type":"text","content":"Marie Van Brittan Brown: If you sleep better at night and when you’re away from home because you have a security system, you should know it was invented by a Black woman. “Marie Van Brittan Brown felt uneasy in her neighborhood and the police were unreliable. So, she took matters in her own hands and patented the modern home security system,” timeline.com wrote. “Over 50 years later, the technology is installed in millions of homes and offices worldwide.”","_id":"JG6WIBRLNZFBZE342BJDBOC3ZA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613146857763,"type":"text","content":"
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So the Globetrotters added gags and ball-handling tricks in the middle of games. The shift gave players a breather and limited the margins of their victories, increasing the odds that they might be booked for return visits.","_id":"TMMIGHWEE5FG7K6JQKEZAB7UN4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613075566196,"type":"text","content":"Even early on, the clowning sparked controversy. The owner of the New York Rens, another powerhouse Black team, accused the Globetrotters of being Uncle Toms who were performing minstrel shows full of demeaning racial stereotypes, Green said.","_id":"AQ2BFDLE2RD5ZD7ZE3V2HP2BMA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613075566197,"type":"text","content":"Nonetheless, the Globetrotters became the stronger and better known team. 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The team, which included some players of different races, said it was drawing more than 2 million fans a year.","_id":"GG42DBOHGVGVRP3BAP6L2XDVT4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613075566211,"type":"text","content":"Globetrotters coach “Sweet Lou” Dunbar recalled growing up in segregated Louisiana and watching the team.","_id":"WTFRZHM7XZA3TF7QGEYAV2WYC4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613075566212,"type":"text","content":"“You have to give homage to those guys for all the sacrifices they went through,” he said.","_id":"LJCKKRFMCZDW3KGI6LJZ23D2OE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613075566214,"type":"text","content":"BLACK HISTORY MONTH: Throughout February, we’ll spotlight different African American pioneers ― through new stories and our archive collection ― in our Living and Metro sections Monday through Sunday. 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n

At Fort Pulaski, millions of bricks had to be made, shipped to Cockspur Island, and then put into the fort...

Posted by Fort Pulaski National Monument on Monday, February 8, 2021

","provider_url":"https://www.facebook.com","_id":"https://www.facebook.com/FortPulaskiNPS/posts/4044483868919636","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":1613072279265,"provider_name":"Facebook","type":"facebook-post","version":"1.0","type":"oembed_response","_id":"I7KCLA2OEJBBPGI53FJZBJAPJI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278481,"type":"text","content":"“Making a brick in the 19th century was a laborious and messy process,” read the Feb. 8 Facebook post. “Soil had to [be] mixed with water and then stomped into clay. Debris like sticks and stones and had to be removed and the wet mixture placed in a wooden mold. Then the still-wet brick had to removed from the mold and allowed to dry for several days before finally being placed in a kiln to harden for nearly a week. Once the brick itself was made, it then had to be transported to the construction site for use in the building project.”","_id":"NF672XR5P5DFXGINNTF63DYLOI","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"O3SEBKLY5VCXTFRM3YITTTJTPM","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/life/black-history-month-2021-how-you-can-mark-the-celebration/43LAXKMW3VGDRMXIMPYRUUL4UA/","content":"Black History Month 2021: How you can mark the celebration","_id":"XSTLJLURZ5DJXHCBTRE2O7PT4M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278483,"type":"text","content":"Most of the Fort Pulaski brickmakers were enslaved people who were not only men and women, but children. They labored daily to make bricks “for a fort built to protect the port made rich from their labor,” the post read.","_id":"TWOOHNHUDZBV7JP7G7NVQYVZOY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278484,"type":"text","content":"“Though it took eighteen years for Fort Pulaski to be completed, the names and stories of the enslaved people who made the bricks for the fort have been hidden and, in many cases, lost,” it continued.","_id":"KR7HEKIEYNBDZAMFPZKYIZFS3Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278485,"type":"text","content":"Since the bricks had to be made by hand, however, fingerprints and handprints would often be left behind. According to the post, they “serve as a tangible reminder that while the architecture and the military history of the fort may be impressive, there is another vitally important story that sits right in front of our eyes if we only just look for it.”","_id":"LL7NB3BKHVDERANNVOO6UUFXJE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278486,"type":"text","content":"According to National Park Service guide Elizabeth Smith, enslaved people had a pivotal part in not only the construction of Fort Pulaski but its maintenance.","_id":"JFH6NVQDCRHT7M42JMQF2DHIZE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278487,"type":"text","content":"As is the case with many stories of enslaved people, however, “sadly very little information is known about any individuals or even what it was like,” she told The Civil War Picket.","_id":"CR6X7BR6VVCZDB3PD6OYU3XJAY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278488,"type":"text","content":"You can visit the Fort Pulaski National Monument near Savannah during reduced hours. Limited site access is available, however, so visit the website for details.","_id":"VH6PVFQOCNGKJIMV4R3JF5KZY4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1613069278489,"type":"text","content":"
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Today, the walls of the soul food spot on Northside Drive are lined with black-and-white photos of influential people of the past and present, and the website includes a comprehensive timeline of Paschal’s history. 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In this series, the AJC takes a look back at the life of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and the civil rights movement through its historical coverage. It’s a story that can never be forgotten, especially by those who lived it.

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The World of Coca-Cola parking deck at 126 Ivan Allen Jr. Blvd., Atlanta, Ga. 30313 is the closest available parking to the Center. It costs $12 per vehicle for 0-4 hours and $17 per vehicle for 4 or more hours. You can also part in the Georgia Aquarium parking deck, which you can get to using the address, 357 Luckie Street, NW Atlanta, Ga. 30313. It costs $12 for nonmembers.","_id":"ECARU663SFHK5PKITI7OEFYJYE","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"SXOGQEJGKZDF5G2SVORUBXEYR4","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/life/arthur-blank-foundation-gives-civil-and-human-rights-center-17m-grant/MXD4PRSEKZCYBENVCKBWACG4NU/","content":"Arthur Blank Foundation gives Civil and Human Rights Center $17M grant","_id":"32AZHG2XIJF75DMUGYFQTDPMVM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006729,"type":"text","content":"Hours: The Center is open from noon to 5 p.m. Thursday, Friday and Sunday and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday. The last entry is at 4 p.m. daily.","_id":"SJLNZXCMRJHSPA3YLJ2S3UY2MQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006730,"type":"text","content":"Ticket Prices: For individual tickets, general admission is $16 for adults, youth and seniors. Tickets are nonrefundable. Group tickets are also available.","_id":"LHXSDQKE7FD6JFMAS55J5HDLQA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006731,"type":"text","content":"What is the best way to get cheap tickets? Group tickets offer some of the cheapest prices for educational visits. Ticket deals have been offered throughout the year. CityPass can be a good deal too, especially if out of town guests are planning to hit a few tourist hot spots.","_id":"RR5RB7M3M5BHVMPAIUCIYWPDZI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612472623119,"type":"text","content":"When is the best time to visit? Crowds are at their lowest levels from Aug. 1- Sept. 1. On weekdays throughout the year, the crowd dwindles as closing time nears (no entry after 4 p.m.). Be sure to review the COVID-19 guidelines if visiting amid the pandemic.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The Center for Human and Civil Rights is shown in Atlanta, Georgia, on Wednesday, March 14, 2018. The center looks at the intersection of the local story of the civil rights movement and the ongoing national story of the evolution of human rights. AJC file","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"bd3cc2ec-4661-11e9-8963-9ff9bfe9d35f","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/XGO5FU5I446NTFPIGS6SACA7VE.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2019-03-14T14:02:01Z","credits":,"subtitle":"Visit some of Atlanta’s most fascinting architecture","width":2048,"first_publish_date":"2019-03-14T14:02:01Z","_id":"XGO5FU5I446NTFPIGS6SACA7VE","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/iw25bYfjtgYeVIFX-QGxcaQCN8s=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/XGO5FU5I446NTFPIGS6SACA7VE.jpg","comments":[],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/iw25bYfjtgYeVIFX-QGxcaQCN8s=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/XGO5FU5I446NTFPIGS6SACA7VE.jpg","takenOn":"2019-03-14T14:02:01Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/XGO5FU5I446NTFPIGS6SACA7VE.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/iw25bYfjtgYeVIFX-QGxcaQCN8s=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/XGO5FU5I446NTFPIGS6SACA7VE.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/THqZZnC8klalyR4E_Tfgbi0SrzE=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/XGO5FU5I446NTFPIGS6SACA7VE.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p10/AJC/2019/03/14/Images/newsEngin.23809768_031418-MLK-50-sites-reh222.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":"LAX3IW3EPBGPRJHX3YBYVRJ4HU","created_date":"2020-06-27T12:19:39Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-27T12:19:39Z","publish_date":"2019-03-14T14:02:01Z","height":1365,"_id":"JCSOV3QBHRFLNBRMATL4SFVOTQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612474244044,"type":"text","content":"When is the Center the busiest? Fridays and Saturdays are always the busiest days at the Center.","_id":"F3GPBKORERDMLE2FMOVKUN6NJE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006735,"type":"text","content":"How much time does it take to experience the Center? Be sure to enter before 4 p.m. to gain entry. Leave at least 90 minutes to experience the museum fully.","_id":"4UKDDCKWRZFXPNS2ORH3KODSQI","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"ISAEYW3EUJE7RLNQQEMP7B6TY4","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/events/guide-visiting-the-carter-presidential-center/W4eY9W50Si3RGDijlqLW3L/","content":"Guide to visiting the Carter Presidential Center","_id":"7V7XXJMDIJDVBDHJFV76736T6Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006736,"type":"text","content":"What type of bag can you bring in with you? Luggage and backpacks are permitted, but there is no storage area for personal belongings. Visitors must keep their items with them at all times.","_id":"AS4BELSPUFGIJGBIIZVIPIPAUM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006737,"type":"text","content":"Can you bring food in with you? Food is permitted in the atrium, where parents may feed babies, but not in the galleries. The gift shop sells snacks. Chewing gum, candy and water bottles are not allowed in the galleries.",{"owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"Visitors stroll through the National Center for Civil and Human Rights on Monday during its grand opening. BOB ANDRES / [email protected]","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"c8964d9b-e199-41ef-b4bf-de586f59c5f3","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/KC6FMGFWLVGUNOSSAWUSHIYQVA.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2014-06-23T19:05:53Z","credits":"by":["socialLinks":["site":"email","deprecated":true,"deprecation_msg":"Please use social_links.","url":"[email protected]"],"org":"Atlanta","social_links":["site":"email","url":"[email protected]"],"name":"Bob Andres","_id":"bob-andres","additional_properties":"original":"lastName":"Andres","role":"Multimedia journalist","education":[],"longBio":"Bob Andres has been an AJC staff member since 1998. A native San Franciscan, He has also worked as a photographer and photo editor for newspapers in California and Florida. 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Children in single strollers are welcome in the Center’s galleries but during particularly busy attendance times, stroller use may be limited. “Front-facing baby carriers are permitted and encouraged.”","_id":"ZUZUEKCG6BFHPDFNTT33U4SBUM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006739,"type":"text","content":"Is photography allowed? The Center allows “private, non-commercial use only.” Photography is not allowed within “Voice to the Voiceless: The Morehouse College Martin Luther King, Jr., Collection.” Be sure to be mindful of the visitors around you when attempting to photograph and record video. No flash photography is allowed.","_id":"FMCZHBGR3BELZBHL7BQCV7CWA4","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"PYWKJD65BFHKLL7XLD7ZEHFYTQ","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/entertainment/arts--theater/secrets-atlanta-woodruff-arts-center/2ckh4Q3n6XpuAAmS2Ff0VP/","content":"14 secrets of Atlanta’s Woodruff Arts Center","_id":"UVQWFMCQ25B3JGTKWU7ONV7JMM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006742,"type":"text","content":"Where is the best place to take a selfie? The Center suggests three locations: the front lobby at the Paula Scher Mural, the Fountain outside and in front of the MLK mural near the second floor stairs.","_id":"HYTQSXCGW5GKJHQMFEFVLJJKVI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006743,"type":"text","content":"What else do you need to know? The Center says, “People are always curious about the event spaces we offer. The Center provides a unique venue space that accommodates everything from corporate events and conferences, to weddings, holiday parties and intimate dinners. Anyone may rent the entire facility, including our exhibit spaces, or simply utilize our state-of-the-art Special Event Room and Pre-Function Lobby.”","_id":"OSP3UGHFUFDFXLW2U7QNBSKB7I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006744,"type":"text","content":"Insider tip: Before you visit the Center, check out their social media accounts to see what you can expect. You can follow them on Instagram and Twitter at @ctr4chr and Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/ctr4chr/","_id":"BIDHEWHIVRHZZLSCFDL66KODFU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612471006745,"type":"text","content":"For more information visit www.civilandhumanrights.org.","_id":"QOV4XQ2FJVHVHNN4JBLM4AWWPU","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"ERY7QDD2NNEIND25WDNAUIVW6Y","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/lifestyles/holiday/martin-luther-king-atlanta-other-historic-sites/HNHODP0HjozTYTzOf4V2sK/","content":"Martin Luther King Jr.’s Atlanta: Other historic sites"],"display_date":"2021-02-04T21:10:33.349Z","headlines":"basic":"Your insider’s guide to Atlanta Center for Civil and Human Rights","first_publish_date":"2019-01-09T23:53:05Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/things-to-do","parent":"default":"https://www.ajc.com/","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"https://www.ajc.com/","name":"Access Atlanta","description":"Find things to do in Atlanta, the AJC events calendar, Atlanta restaurants, Georgia festivals, things to do this weekend, Atlanta movie showtimes, festivals and concerts. 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The ceremony included speeches and a choir, which concluded the ceremony with a performance of "We Shall Overcome". BOB ANDRES / [email protected]","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"aeb11f96-57d5-4092-8929-3b4a2133c121","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/CKZHA3LFM6W7EQKO4DXASQNZLM.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2014-06-23T19:05:53Z","credits":"by":["socialLinks":["site":"email","deprecated":true,"deprecation_msg":"Please use social_links.","url":"[email protected]"],"org":"Atlanta","social_links":["site":"email","url":"[email protected]"],"name":"Bob Andres","_id":"bob-andres","additional_properties":"original":"lastName":"Andres","role":"Multimedia journalist","education":[],"longBio":"Bob Andres has been an AJC staff member since 1998. 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Former Atlanta Mayor Shirley Franklin, who also is a Board Chair, launched the facility. Young also played a fundamental role in helping Franklin establish The Center.","_id":"USNNODEABNB4PFHDIXLFQNZMUY","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"3G4FM6DNTVFAFGC3WEQG5D2FDA","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/life/arthur-blank-foundation-gives-civil-and-human-rights-center-17m-grant/MXD4PRSEKZCYBENVCKBWACG4NU/","content":"Arthur Blank Foundation gives Civil and Human Rights Center $17M grant","level":4,"_id":"MLVPPVXWUVEEDHWFHUA7HZEI64","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612455291291,"type":"header","content":"Where is it located?","_id":"CIIVA6ISYFGMZA6QRXDYAT4KRI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612455291292,"type":"text","content":"You can visit the National Center for Civil and Human Rights on Pemberton Place. It’s next to the World of Coca-Cola and the Georgia Aquarium at 100 Ivan Allen Jr. Boulevard.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The Center for Human and Civil Rights is shown in Atlanta, Georgia, on Wednesday, March 14, 2018. The center looks at the intersection of the local story of the civil rights movement and the ongoing national story of the evolution of human rights. 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The Voice to the Voiceless, a gallery that includes items from the Morehouse College Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection.","_id":"VQNDUCTYJFHIJFHZ6SFSQ4JI4M","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612455291295,"type":"text","content":"There are also installations such as the lunch counter sit-in and a Freedom Riders gallery.","_id":"AHUH3QD47ZEWJFYJVNPGBTEB4U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612455291296,"type":"text","content":"For details on what’s offered visit the museum’s explore page.",{"owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"Visitors stroll through the National Center for Civil and Human Rights on Monday during its grand opening. BOB ANDRES / [email protected]","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"c8964d9b-e199-41ef-b4bf-de586f59c5f3","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/KC6FMGFWLVGUNOSSAWUSHIYQVA.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2014-06-23T19:05:53Z","credits":"by":["socialLinks":["site":"email","deprecated":true,"deprecation_msg":"Please use social_links.","url":"[email protected]"],"org":"Atlanta","social_links":["site":"email","url":"[email protected]"],"name":"Bob Andres","_id":"bob-andres","additional_properties":"original":"lastName":"Andres","role":"Multimedia journalist","education":[],"longBio":"Bob Andres has been an AJC staff member since 1998. A native San Franciscan, He has also worked as a photographer and photo editor for newspapers in California and Florida. 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Tickets are nonrefundable. Group tickets are also available.","level":4,"_id":"S2HU6YYFIZH5FER2PMH3JMCSJM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612455291299,"type":"header","content":"When can I visit?","_id":"2PCFDNH7MZD55GI2NHABTWPX5A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612455291300,"type":"text","content":"The Center is open from noon to 5 p.m. Thursday, Friday and Sunday and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday. 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The state licenses a certain class of midwives who have nursing degrees, but it no longer recognizes so-called direct-entry midwives like Henderson, who trained for years as an apprentice but does not have a medical background.","_id":"3CCEY4UBSVB57ILXBKLOYHBJGY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611939082198,"type":"text","content":"The state has largely left those direct-entry midwives alone and even offers a way for women who give birth at home to obtain birth certificates. Most direct-entry midwives advertise their services publicly, and some are certified by accredited midwifery organizations that are recognized by other states.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","copyright":"Jenni Girtman","address":,"caption":"Certified nurse-midwife Christine Taylor, owner of the practice Birth by Grace, holds a birthing class for a few couples in Peachtree City on Saturday, Jan. 23, 2021. 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In New York, a woman now faces 95 felony counts of practicing midwifery without a license and one count of criminally negligent homicide tied to the death of a baby she delivered in 2018.","_id":"VZV2IYPQ7JE45C5YWXQQ73KWT4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067174,"type":"text","content":"Two bills introduced in the Georgia Legislature last year sought to license direct-entry midwives, but they stalled after laying bare the deep divisions within the profession along racial and educational lines. Stakeholders believe a compromise is in sight, but they face fierce pushback from powerful doctors groups that have long argued midwives working outside of hospitals lack accountability and compromise safety for both mothers and babies.","_id":"HC6STNLVJJDMRC2Z5DW3ALRYZ4","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"PSIGJR3PYBGELMBQZBI5I7UQAU","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/8-year-old-atlanta-girl-creates-products-to-inspire-motivate-black-children/CB6MGYWGJJB5DEMFOMRUOFGZAA/","content":"8-year-old Atlanta girl creates products to inspire, motivate Black children","_id":"C7GZOGUIWVGS3I6JVW4W4AGMPE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067175,"type":"text","content":"Community caretakers","_id":"2AAEHFMF4VH4HL5M43GDYI32UQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067176,"type":"text","content":"Midwives were an integral part of life in the South long before the country was founded.","_id":"WZMQWKKQ7ZDKRAPDDGL74SXK6Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067177,"type":"text","content":"Certain women were captured in West African villages for their knowledge of birthing positions and herbs moms-to-be needed to eat to prepare their bodies for delivery. Those skills were utilized on American plantations, where enslaved Black midwives delivered the babies of their white masters, as well as other slaves.","_id":"YKJLY7WHBRBPLDWRUJQDQUSOMA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611846414151,"type":"text","content":"“Birthing was about breeding,” said Jamarah Amani, co-founder of the National Black Midwives Alliance, a professional association that’s currently shooting a documentary about Black midwives in the South. “There was a significant investment from the slaveowners to have healthy births and babies so they could keep their property alive.”","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","address":,"syndication":,"caption":"A midwife goes on a call, carrying her kit, near Siloam in Greene County, Ga., in October 1941. 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They would coach moms-to-be on how to prepare for their new arrivals, monitor their health and sometimes act as spiritual counselors. When delivery was imminent, the birth workers would walk miles to a pregnant woman’s home and sometimes stay for days, soothing their clients and caring for their other children until the baby came.","_id":"3WKTJ7N3MBH27ERKGEEZOF6VFQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067183,"type":"text","content":"“They were really the caretakers in their communities when Black folks didn’t have access to doctors and preferred to go to midwives because of the level of trust,” said Amani, who’s also a licensed midwife in Florida.","_id":"SXPOTWKDMJFBPHO7IPB3AUNRFM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067184,"type":"text","content":"For their efforts, the women were paid little, sometimes a few dollars per delivery. 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(For her part, Henderson first learned about midwifery while working at the Golden Pyramid, a health foods store in southwest Atlanta, in the late 1970s.)","_id":"Y7N22XXKGJEYPF45KRWRROKGPY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067202,"type":"text","content":"Black practitioners today still number few and far between in Georgia — nationally, they constitute about 2% of practicing midwives — but they’re being sought out by a growing number of women of color.","_id":"R6LXORY7A5CDXCMW4YMK2VMY2A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611873022568,"type":"text","content":"Recently, one of those clients was Rimani Kelsey-Rogers. The Atlantan was searching for a midwife who could oversee the birth of her second child in a home setting. 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There’s a different level of empathy, of understanding,” said Kelsey-Rogers, who delivered her daughter Sadia, which means blessed princess, in December.","_id":"FXW6GWNB4NEDRBOPFJU3DEBRIQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611873022572,"type":"text","content":"Studies suggest Black providers, and particularly midwives, could make a big difference in lowering maternal mortality rates, which the state for years has struggled to contain. Black mothers in Georgia are three to four times more likely to die in the first year after giving birth than their white counterparts, regardless of education or income.","_id":"DHK7VQQ4LJD4NNESW63LK4MGW4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611883987502,"type":"text","content":"Deep-rooted social inequalities are mainly to blame, from lack of access to healthy food to doctors who systematically play down their pain. Early, attentive and culturally sensitive care from providers is believed to make a major difference.","_id":"XO6ZWVFTKNAZROPHRCPZVYD6OQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611873022574,"type":"text","content":"Christine Taylor, owner of the midwifery practice Birth by Grace in Fayette County, said she often hears an “audible sigh” when she meets with new Black patients “because they automatically feel safe and comfortable and they know they can relate to this person who looks like them and understands them better.”","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","copyright":"Jenni Girtman","address":,"caption":"Birth by Grace Midwifery holds a class where Parish Munroe (left) is shown massage techniques by Christine Taylor on mother-to-be Kiah Munroe in Peachtree City on Saturday, Jan. 23, 2021. The families are planning home births under the guidance of Taylor, a certified nurse-midwife, and doula Dawn Hutcherson. 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With hospitals packed and doulas and family members locked out of delivery rooms, some women are looking for options where they can have their support system with them.","_id":"APISIIXXJVHODIOK6NLZ7J2KUQ","additional_properties":"comments":[],"_id":"KQB7XWNMEJGX5FSTUD75DRWTXU","type":"interstitial_link","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/local/tuskegee-experimented-black-men-with-syphilis-for-years/t9gsMkuwCIVqn2IjeYariP/","content":"At Tuskegee, U.S. experimented on Black men with syphilis for 40 years","_id":"QVNNPVSD7ZEPXJ5TYS6C762Y3Y","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067213,"type":"text","content":"Legislative fighting","_id":"PH67WQ44MNA3ZADWSY5CIIQ24Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067214,"type":"text","content":"Taylor, who grew up in Chicago, has a different background from Henderson and Amani. She’s a certified nurse-midwife, with a bachelor’s degree in nursing and a master’s in midwifery.","_id":"F57AXQAUVZGQZIVK2FUQZ77Q2Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067215,"type":"text","content":"The state of Georgia licenses midwives like Taylor through the Board of Nursing. (There were about 550 of them in the state in 2018, according to the Georgia affiliate of the American College of Nurse-Midwives.)","_id":"OJILU4HIUNEYXD7GQYTKZNF7UE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611873022580,"type":"text","content":"But unlike roughly three dozen other states, Georgia does not license any direct-entry midwives.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","copyright":"Ben Gray","address":,"caption":"Atlanta-based Sarahn Henderson, who has been a midwife for 41 years and has extensively researched the history of Black midwives in the South, looks through an illustrated “Manual for Midwives” textbook once used by the Georgia Department of Public Health. 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That same year, a separate well-known but unlicensed midwife was issued a cease-and-desist order and threatened with fines by the Georgia Board of Nursing for calling herself a midwife. (The woman, Debbie Pulley, was a top official at the North American Registry of Midwives, an accredited certification group, and was non-practicing. Pulley sued the nursing board.)","_id":"SMYGS3DYV5BLBHSCHVMDYFAFKI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611939082246,"type":"text","content":"One bill introduced in the Georgia House that year would have licensed midwives certified by the Registry, which requires applicants to complete an apprenticeship or midwifery training program and pass a test.","_id":"SBLPN3XOGFE6VJJGGVUMRBZ7BQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611883987512,"type":"text","content":"That idea was fought by some Black direct-entry midwives who learned their crafts in a less formal way. Many found the Registry and other large midwifery organizations unwelcoming and their tests biased. They argued that linking licensure to that type of certification would be exclusionary to midwives of color with limited finances.","_id":"OCSJZP7EYFF5JL7VGTZTX3KHNM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611840067220,"type":"text","content":"That group converged around a separate measure introduced by state Sen. Lester Jackson, D-Savannah, last year that would have licensed a broader cross section of direct-entry midwives.","_id":"IIRX6LXHXBHMPORPDVI3HZ7JYE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611883987514,"type":"text","content":"“We want to make sure that people who practice midwifery can practice their craft and do it without fear of being arrested for breaking any laws,” said Jackson, whose grandmother and great-grandmother practiced midwifery in Wheeler County.","_id":"G2Y4GPISW5BN7NGT7LQH4SJDGA","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611883987515,"type":"text","content":"Jackson said a compromise bill is in the works that would license many types of direct-entry midwives, not just those certified by the Registry. He hopes the Legislature’s passage of a maternal mortality bill last year will increase demand for his midwifery proposal.",{"owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"State Sen. 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That would be a boon for the birth workers, some of of whom struggle to make ends meet.","_id":"TXDM7NJDCJDCRFJEUX6BNUARLU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611883987518,"type":"text","content":"Insurance coverage for home births, meanwhile, can be spotty.","_id":"B3U3YHL2QFHEFDLTFXVQZL4ISM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611953629730,"type":"text","content":"The Legislature’s licensure efforts, however, have attracted opponents in the influential Georgia OBGYN Society and Medical Association of Georgia. The latter believes that prenatal services not delivered by doctors or certified nurse-midwives should be prohibited. (Certified nurse-midwives almost always work in hospitals and clinics under the tutelage of doctors. Their trade groups have long pushed for more autonomy.)","_id":"AEAAX6QKTJHAJETIHKZKAAG4DY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611883987520,"type":"text","content":"There’s long been simmering distrust between doctors and midwives. Midwives argue doctors often intervene unnecessarily during birth, all too often approving invasive procedures like cesarean sections. And they point to studies that conclude that planned home births for low-risk women result in safe outcomes and fewer interventions than in hospitals.","_id":"2EU5YCJVZNDX3HJOPPQMGJJQZM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611883987521,"type":"text","content":"Many doctors groups, meanwhile, say direct-entry midwives lack the necessary education and have no uniform standards of practice, leading to little accountability when things go wrong, especially if they delay transferring patients to hospitals during emergencies.","owner":"id":"ajc","imageId":null,"caption":"COVID-19 baby boom? Atlanta hospitals are preparing for possible increase in births soon.","source":"system":"photo center","edit_url":"","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/K77PLGGUVFASBEC6GC2A5CDJJ4.jpg","usage_instructions":null,"licensable":false,"subtitle":"COVID-19 baby boom? 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They can perform medical procedures and surgeries like cesarean sections in case of an emergency.","_id":"LZ6I2NWB4BGMBH2UBO6DUAWXIY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611944103590,"type":"text","content":"Midwives can deliver low-risk babies in hospitals, clinics, birthing centers and homes, depending on the state. They cannot perform surgery but can sometimes prescribe medications. They tend to advocate for low medical intervention and have a more hands-on relationship with their patients. What they can and can’t do varies by state.","_id":"RC64AWFX3NHKVCHX34TE5XOQ5Q","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611944103591,"type":"text","content":"Doulas play more of a supportive role during births but can’t deliver babies. They coach women in labor on breathing patterns, birthing positions and how to relax.","_id":"GVCOVYTASFCIVCWSBFGMQPN374","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611944103592,"type":"text","content":"Even within the midwife profession, there are several different distinctions. They largely fall into two buckets:","_id":"INFCLLCOQRGORJBEWAOJ2P5QBQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611944103593,"type":"text","content":"Certified nurse-midwives have nursing degrees and then complete graduate studies in midwifery and pass a national certification exam. They mostly work in hospitals and clinics under the tutelage of doctors. They are the only type of midwife currently licensed to practice in the state of Georgia.","_id":"B7SPPBSJ3ZFUZCV7HTSUIMNVUU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1611944103594,"type":"text","content":"Direct-entry midwives earn their skills through different types of training: by going to school, completing apprenticeships or self-studies. They often deliver babies at home or work in birthing centers. Some seek certifications from national midwifery organizations, which generally require achieving a certain standard of knowledge and passing a test. About three dozen states license at least some types of direct-entry midwives. 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God allowed our ceremony to go viral across America, and it caught the eye of a young lady who had never seen us before and didn’t know nothing about us. But she felt convicted that, ‘I’ve got to do something for those men down in Perry, Georgia.’ The Holy Spirit dwelled in her heart.”","_id":"EVR2X5TUTBDPJEV32WZ2CROD4I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612289868495,"type":"text","content":"That woman was philanthropist Marilyn Kent Wheeler Velde of Louisville, Kentucky.","_id":"N7ISQEYJOBCLJBK7VPCSKBN44E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612289868496,"type":"text","content":"“I couldn’t believe it at first when she said, ‘I want to reimburse you all for all the rings you bought,’” Clarington reportedly told the crowd. “Why would somebody who’d never met me and never met my teammates want to reach out and give back to us? She said, ‘Not only do I want to reimburse you on your rings, I want to buy each and every one of you a trophy.’ Ain’t God good?”","_id":"MW7IKJUFVBDITAOFOFFZ3IHE4I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612289868497,"type":"text","content":"So now the state champs have not only a ring but also a trophy to mark their accomplishment.","_id":"C3Z3Q5N52VENRO7NHHXNFKBYOE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612289868498,"type":"text","content":"“It’s such an honor for me to be here in front of all of you all. To be standing on this grass that you all planted and took care of all the time you were playing football.” Velde remarked on that Saturday.","_id":"7ZDPXOZXDFEVFECK5TXQAJE37E","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612289868499,"type":"text","content":"“I had wonderful parents: Evangeline and Kent Wheeler,” she continued. “They were both born in the country and came from very large families. My mother was one of 16, and my father was one of eight. I’m the youngest of four. Our parents taught us to be respectful to everyone. You don’t see color and be nice to everybody. Don’t think of yourself, but think of others. And whatever you can do for somebody else, just do it. They said it all the time as we were growing up. To be here today with you all, as a team — there’s nothing like it in the world.”","_id":"BOK44V5QPFCA5EGBETYK64EPNE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612291704049,"type":"text","content":"After each player received his own championship trophy, the team presented Verde with an award, HHJonline reported, and named her an honorary Houston High Indian.","_id":"R4XOOU4EPRGVFNPX2NLNRX52S4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1612289868500,"type":"text","content":"
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"],"display_date":"2021-02-02T18:57:54.118Z","headlines":"basic":"It took 51 years for Black team to get championship rings; now they have trophies","first_publish_date":"2021-02-02T18:57:54.118Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/life","parent":"default":"https://www.ajc.com/","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"https://www.ajc.com/","name":"Life","description":"Atlanta living and lifestyle news, Atlanta travel, health, faith, celebrities and pop culture news and features from the AJC. Includes AJC Sunday Living","_id":"/life","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","default":"https://www.ajc.com/","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","MainMenuRedesign2021":"https://www.ajc.com/","TopNav":null,"ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Atlanta living and lifestyle news, Atlanta travel, health, faith, celebrities and pop culture news and features from the AJC. 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","_id":"TRKWLUP3QFHCVH5QCB2C72YEL4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"type":"text","content":"In early 2021, Atlanta Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms announced the installation of a new King statue near Mercedes-Benz Stadium. It was the second statue to King unveiled within the city in less than four years.","_id":"ECB2HLX4DVH6XEJXFNCKT4JZ2I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"type":"text","content":"Here are some of the most notable MLK statues and some of the stories behind them.","owner":"sponsored":false,"id":"ajc","copyright":"JS PHOTOGRAPHY","address":,"syndication":,"caption":"Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms announced on Jan. 14, 2021, the installation of a statue to Martin Luther King, Jr. at the intersection of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Northside Drive, across from the Mercedes-Benz Stadium. (Atlanta Mayor's Office)","source":"system":"photo center","name":"AJC","edit_url":"","source_type":"staff","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","taxonomy":"associated_tasks":[],"type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/WIYRJZBA6JG3XGLWTV4OI4EN4M.jpg","licensable":false,"credits":"affiliation":[],"by":["name":"Atlanta Mayor's Office","type":"author","byline":"Atlanta Mayor's Office"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":4128,"_id":"WIYRJZBA6JG3XGLWTV4OI4EN4M","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/qLskbddLaJuGqoTqfB0HKCCSoqI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/WIYRJZBA6JG3XGLWTV4OI4EN4M.jpg","owner":"[email protected]","comments":[],"keywords":[""],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/qLskbddLaJuGqoTqfB0HKCCSoqI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/WIYRJZBA6JG3XGLWTV4OI4EN4M.jpg","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/WIYRJZBA6JG3XGLWTV4OI4EN4M.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/qLskbddLaJuGqoTqfB0HKCCSoqI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/WIYRJZBA6JG3XGLWTV4OI4EN4M.jpg","ingestionMethod":"manual","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/3zUtPYYtANCMd5ZM1bphYYlTPfw=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/WIYRJZBA6JG3XGLWTV4OI4EN4M.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms with MLK Statue.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"template_id":594,"galleries":[],"_id":"CONQQBCLRVDGJFF23G4AIJLERY","created_date":"2021-01-15T15:34:14Z","last_updated_date":"2021-01-15T15:34:14Z","height":6192,"image_type":"photograph","_id":"X4U4YQ65WJAJ5NSOBRU6AMKKJM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"type":"text","content":"ATLANTA: The city’s newest statue to King stands at the intersection of Northside Drive and Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive across from Mercedes-Benz Stadium. Installed in early 2021, the bronze statue was sculpted by Jamaican-born Basil Watson. The mayor’s office says that the sculpture is the first of seven installations along MLK Drive that will be dedicated to local civil rights heroes. The statue was announced without a public gathering during a time when the COVID pandemic prevents such gatherings. The mayor’s office said that a celebration for the artworks, as well as the overall improvement efforts along the MLK Drive corridor, will be scheduled for a later date.",{"owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The statue of MLK at the Georgia Capitol by sculptor Andy Davis. 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A graduate of San Francisco State University, Andres has also worked as the AJC’s metro photo editor, and has taught photojournalism at UGA and Cal State Hayward.","org":"ajc","affiliations":"The Atlanta Journal-Constitution","author_type":"Staff","expertise":"15","firstName":"Bob","books":[],"podcasts":[],"awards":[],"location":"Atlanta","_id":"bob-andres","last_updated_date":"2021-03-26T20:46:12.599Z","byline":"Bob Andres","email":"[email protected]","status":true,"type":"author","version":"0.5.8"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":1280,"first_publish_date":"2017-08-28T19:25:45Z","_id":"D3RKGKDB2IDFXWGVMAYGBOFX3Y","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/jU0NMH7myA9IRwjbcYCaVqItgCs=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/D3RKGKDB2IDFXWGVMAYGBOFX3Y.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","mlk2016","cox_shared","cox gallery","ajc-hottopics","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","ajc-evergreen","ajc-evergreen-gallery"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/jU0NMH7myA9IRwjbcYCaVqItgCs=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/D3RKGKDB2IDFXWGVMAYGBOFX3Y.jpg","takenOn":"2017-08-28T19:25:45Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/D3RKGKDB2IDFXWGVMAYGBOFX3Y.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/jU0NMH7myA9IRwjbcYCaVqItgCs=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/D3RKGKDB2IDFXWGVMAYGBOFX3Y.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/dh5hF7wiaj_V-ybhcmWIW4XCWG0=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/D3RKGKDB2IDFXWGVMAYGBOFX3Y.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p8/AJC/2017/08/28/Images/MLK-Ga-Capitol_20170828152545.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786514,"created_date":"2020-06-15T11:12:20Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-15T11:12:20Z","publish_date":"2017-08-28T19:25:45Z","height":900},"_id":"R47N5KB77ZBVJKOACKCJ5LXVKM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786515,"type":"text","content":"GEORGIA CAPITOL: Three years after the project was announced, this statue of MLK was unveiled on the Georgia Capitol grounds on Aug. 28, 2017 — the anniversary of the "I Have a Dream" speech. The 8-foot statue, one mile from King's birthplace, overlooks Liberty Plaza and stands uneasily beside a number of segregationists who are also venerated on the Capitol grounds. The project was championed by Gov. Nathan Deal and Rep. Calvin Smyre (D-Columbus), who stands center in this photo, with his hand on the statue. The Legislature approved the tribute as long as no taxpayer funds were used. The original sculptor, Andy Davis, died before the project could be completed. He was replaced by Martin Dawe, who based the pose and likeness on a famous photo of King walking with Bayard Rustin in Montgomery, Ala.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":""Homage to King," by Barcelona artist Xavier Medina-Campeny. (William Berry / AJC file)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"8d5e230d-07a5-4805-ada4-c29efc016d2d","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/NE3WH2QSGUY4T7HVX4DQYXMFME.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","credits":"by":["name":"William Berry / AJC file","type":"author","byline":"William Berry / AJC file","slug":"william-berry-ajc-file"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Atlanta","width":2112,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","_id":"NE3WH2QSGUY4T7HVX4DQYXMFME","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/H3PeqTZaKQi4-pQB7E5DlMNPOAI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/NE3WH2QSGUY4T7HVX4DQYXMFME.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/H3PeqTZaKQi4-pQB7E5DlMNPOAI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/NE3WH2QSGUY4T7HVX4DQYXMFME.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/NE3WH2QSGUY4T7HVX4DQYXMFME.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/H3PeqTZaKQi4-pQB7E5DlMNPOAI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/NE3WH2QSGUY4T7HVX4DQYXMFME.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/D--rOtSG36zrefjbdcuuLYa46CM=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/NE3WH2QSGUY4T7HVX4DQYXMFME.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/14/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6654999.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786516,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:08Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:08Z","publish_date":"2015-01-18T21:19:39Z","height":1788,"_id":"E5EDEEOPBJD55FPMZC3J6DC3MQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786517,"type":"text","content":"ATLANTA: "Homage to King," by Barcelona artist Xavier Medina-Campeny, was installed at Boulevard and Freedom Parkway right before the 1996 Olympics.",{"owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The statue of Dr. King on the Morehouse College campus by Denver sculptor Ed Dwight. (HYOSUB SHIN / [email protected])","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"8e660890-8204-413e-af73-72e7db3d587f","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/X5NP2X4SPIY2DOYPAKQE43SH6E.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-16T15:17:15Z","credits":"by":["image":"version":"0.5.8","url":"https://s3.amazonaws.com/arc-authors/ajc/c11e1a9b-4044-4e58-8682-1696d9e8b7e3.png","socialLinks":["site":"email","deprecated":true,"deprecation_msg":"Please use social_links.","url":"[email protected]","site":"facebook","deprecated":true,"deprecation_msg":"Please use social_links.","url":"https://www.facebook.com/hyosubshinajc","site":"twitter","deprecated":true,"deprecation_msg":"Please use social_links.","url":"https://twitter.com/ilovefoto"],"social_links":["site":"email","url":"[email protected]","site":"facebook","url":"https://www.facebook.com/hyosubshinajc","site":"twitter","url":"https://twitter.com/ilovefoto"],"name":"Hyosub Shin","description":"Hyosub Shin was born and raised in South Korea. Inspired by the work of National Geographic photographers, he came to the United States to study photography. He thought his time in the U.S. would be brief, but photography took him to California and eventually, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. He took his oath of citizenship in 2017.","_id":"hyosub-shin","additional_properties":"original":"lastName":"Shin","image":"https://s3.amazonaws.com/arc-authors/ajc/c11e1a9b-4044-4e58-8682-1696d9e8b7e3.png","role":"Multimedia journalist","education":[],"longBio":"Hyosub Shin was born and raised in South Korea. Inspired by the work of National Geographic photographers, he came to the United States to study photography and joined the AJC photo staff in 2007.  He graduated from Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York with a BS degree in Advertising Photography and Ohio University with a MA degree in Photojournalism. He also served his military service as a military photographer for nearly 3 years in South Korea before he decided to come to the United States to study photography. OrderedDict([('a', OrderedDict([('@href', 'http://www.myajc.com/search/?q=Hyosub+Shin&models=photos.medleyphoto&type=&sortby=date'), ('@shape', 'rect'), ('b', 'Photos by Hyosub Shin')]))])","languages":"Korea","org":"ajc","facebook":"https://www.facebook.com/hyosubshinajc","affiliations":"The Atlanta Journal-Constitution","bio":"Hyosub Shin was born and raised in South Korea. Inspired by the work of National Geographic photographers, he came to the United States to study photography. He thought his time in the U.S. would be brief, but photography took him to California and eventually, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. He took his oath of citizenship in 2017.","expertise":"15","firstName":"Hyosub","twitter":"https://twitter.com/ilovefoto","books":[],"podcasts":[],"awards":[],"custom_ajc_phone":"404-526-5425","_id":"hyosub-shin","last_updated_date":"2020-07-21T21:13:14.360Z","byline":"Hyosub Shin","email":"[email protected]","status":true,"type":"author","version":"0.5.8"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Morehouse College, Atlanta","width":4928,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-16T15:17:15Z","_id":"X5NP2X4SPIY2DOYPAKQE43SH6E","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/7-tNPBuHdGWJIbYslCCOk8Ow1oI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/X5NP2X4SPIY2DOYPAKQE43SH6E.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/7-tNPBuHdGWJIbYslCCOk8Ow1oI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/X5NP2X4SPIY2DOYPAKQE43SH6E.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-16T15:17:15Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/X5NP2X4SPIY2DOYPAKQE43SH6E.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/7-tNPBuHdGWJIbYslCCOk8Ow1oI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/X5NP2X4SPIY2DOYPAKQE43SH6E.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/QFCPM3u9BabpsMk_x2FLDRNzHvQ=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/X5NP2X4SPIY2DOYPAKQE43SH6E.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/16/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6664042.JPG","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786518,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:53:45Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:53:45Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T16:45:29Z","height":3280},"_id":"4K6SNAXZDBA7BIW5ZZCP3FKFW4","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786519,"type":"text","content":"MOREHOUSE COLLEGE, ATLANTA: Denver sculptor Ed Dwight did this sculpture of Dr. King in the early 1980s. Dwight, who also composed the bronze sculpture of Hank Aaron outside Turner field, said that at the time, the King bronze was only the third sculpture he’d ever done. After he showed an early form of the work to Morehouse faculty who’d known Dr. King, Dwight said he had to make major changes to the work, some of which he does not agree with to this day. “But they were the client and I had to do it their way,” he said.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"King's statue on the National Mall by Chinese artist Lei Yixin. (Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"c5ee906f-ea6b-44dd-8f87-5a89d48ac9e0","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/B3JEIZKANRXKJE3R4KBS7JMXJE.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","credits":"by":["name":"Chip Somodevilla","type":"author","byline":"Chip Somodevilla","slug":"chip-somodevilla"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: National Mall, Washington, D.C.","width":5616,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","_id":"B3JEIZKANRXKJE3R4KBS7JMXJE","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/lssyC45JduDwPJCVfKz5JO3Mevg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/B3JEIZKANRXKJE3R4KBS7JMXJE.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/lssyC45JduDwPJCVfKz5JO3Mevg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/B3JEIZKANRXKJE3R4KBS7JMXJE.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/B3JEIZKANRXKJE3R4KBS7JMXJE.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/lssyC45JduDwPJCVfKz5JO3Mevg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/B3JEIZKANRXKJE3R4KBS7JMXJE.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/oo1prKDIbx0x7DNDqQEI7SSKXnE=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/B3JEIZKANRXKJE3R4KBS7JMXJE.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/14/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6654977.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786520,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:01Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:01Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T16:41:24Z","height":3744,"_id":"G5QMJOSCIVFX7CY6IFZSC46K7A","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786521,"type":"text","content":"WASHINGTON, D.C.: King's statue on the National Mall was unveiled in 2011 with a bit of controversy. Critics complained that the 30-foot-tall White granite statue by Chinese artist Lei Yixin was too stern, too big in scale and too close in the Social Realist style. An investigation also found that the statue had been constructed by unpaid Chinese laborers. Another part of the artwork, the "Stone of Hope" seen in the background, originally had an edited version of King's famous "drum major" quotation carved into it. Planners had tried to fit the quote onto the stone by making it shorter, but ended up changing its meaning. Once it was decided that the carved quote could not be replaced, it was removed entirely from the stone in 2013.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The bronze MLK bust in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda. (Mark Wilson / Getty Images)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"123e456e-fb3b-41c5-848f-e50a3bf6d2b5","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/JDKOEJXSN7L57HRZH2JMTFEM5Q.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","credits":"by":["name":"Mark Wilson","type":"author","byline":"Mark Wilson","slug":"mark-wilson"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Capitol Rotunda, Washington, D.C.","width":4356,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","_id":"JDKOEJXSN7L57HRZH2JMTFEM5Q","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/dIWiKW2DQz5Jhj2uCMmaSH75N5w=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/JDKOEJXSN7L57HRZH2JMTFEM5Q.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/dIWiKW2DQz5Jhj2uCMmaSH75N5w=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/JDKOEJXSN7L57HRZH2JMTFEM5Q.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/JDKOEJXSN7L57HRZH2JMTFEM5Q.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/dIWiKW2DQz5Jhj2uCMmaSH75N5w=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/JDKOEJXSN7L57HRZH2JMTFEM5Q.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/Zzr6-Qq7CTeppFPXi8g-8GP_B98=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/JDKOEJXSN7L57HRZH2JMTFEM5Q.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/14/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6654980.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786522,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:01Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:01Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T16:41:15Z","height":3186,"_id":"FUQX6U7FUJD5HBQSX4WB5OSEHU","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786523,"type":"text","content":"WASHINGTON, D.C.: This bronze MLK bust joined the likes of Lincoln and Washington in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda in 1986. It was unveiled on the occasion of King's 57th birthday.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The MLK statue by Chicago artist Geraldine McCullough. (Lee Bey)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"d7db6330-1726-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/DVVIL7RE5OHQQUUNMEWU6S22EE.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T16:47:03Z","credits":"by":["name":"Lee Bey","type":"author","byline":"Lee Bey","slug":"lee-bey"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":900,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:47:03Z","_id":"DVVIL7RE5OHQQUUNMEWU6S22EE","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/O5tJdjnq7NIdjTMs8BuaJNn1Gtg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/DVVIL7RE5OHQQUUNMEWU6S22EE.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/O5tJdjnq7NIdjTMs8BuaJNn1Gtg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/DVVIL7RE5OHQQUUNMEWU6S22EE.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T16:47:03Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/DVVIL7RE5OHQQUUNMEWU6S22EE.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/O5tJdjnq7NIdjTMs8BuaJNn1Gtg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/DVVIL7RE5OHQQUUNMEWU6S22EE.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/38GvY828IjNuO1JiJDfwLGOPMhQ=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/DVVIL7RE5OHQQUUNMEWU6S22EE.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20Chicago.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786524,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:25Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:25Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:47:03Z","height":600,"_id":"VSMG6UEIRNF5DBJO5TRIFB5GVI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786525,"type":"text","content":"CHICAGO: Fair housing was a Northern as well as a Southern cause. In the early 1960s, Chicago, with its heavily segregated neighborhoods, became a target of the Civil Rights Movement. King and the SCLC made a tumultuous stand in the Windy City which inspired the Fair Housing Act. To honor the campaign, Chicago artist Geraldine McCullough was commissioned to create a memorial to King. She chose to depict him as an African king of Benin tribal origin. He’s adorned with a dove of peace, a sword and a rendering of King’s Nobel Prize. Erected in 1977 outside Martin Luther King Plaza Apartments, the statue stood until it was moved into storage about four years ago, its concrete base crumbling. McCullough later created another sculpture of King for Springfield, Ill.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The MLK statue in Springfield, Ill. by Geraldine McCullough.","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"84063186-1726-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/U4UWEU5JTE3KJC37SEOP2NQEQ4.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T16:44:42Z","credits":,"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":528,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:44:42Z","_id":"U4UWEU5JTE3KJC37SEOP2NQEQ4","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/iApsKDyNNXjIPZf5DYnmS4mC8fc=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U4UWEU5JTE3KJC37SEOP2NQEQ4.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/iApsKDyNNXjIPZf5DYnmS4mC8fc=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U4UWEU5JTE3KJC37SEOP2NQEQ4.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T16:44:42Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/U4UWEU5JTE3KJC37SEOP2NQEQ4.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/iApsKDyNNXjIPZf5DYnmS4mC8fc=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U4UWEU5JTE3KJC37SEOP2NQEQ4.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/7EzGb8jEzldIP_wTY8q6jE89wOI=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U4UWEU5JTE3KJC37SEOP2NQEQ4.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20Springfield.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786526,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:26Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:26Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:44:42Z","height":387,"_id":"MRKFEC5YNNBQBA6I2CFL2NUGTY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786527,"type":"text","content":"SPRINGFIELD, Illinois: In 1988, Geraldine McCullough completed this bronze of King, a realistic portrayal of the man as a young activist, his collar open, suit jacket slung over his shoulder. This piece is on the Illinois capitol grounds in Springfield. Like other sculptures of King, however, over the years it has been vandalized.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The Allentown, Penn. sculpture of the Kings by Ed Dwight. (Mark Luethi Photography)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"8ff8f102-5dd5-45ed-9460-f39201e5787c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/4Q4G2KCL6Y7LY4PRGALDDS5I6M.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-15T14:29:18Z","credits":"by":["name":"Mark Luethi Photography","type":"author","byline":"Mark Luethi Photography","slug":"mark-luethi-photography"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Allentown, Pa.","width":1280,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-15T14:29:18Z","_id":"4Q4G2KCL6Y7LY4PRGALDDS5I6M","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/INsDxZ-iPjttTN_o1-vj_8pOd5U=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4Q4G2KCL6Y7LY4PRGALDDS5I6M.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/INsDxZ-iPjttTN_o1-vj_8pOd5U=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4Q4G2KCL6Y7LY4PRGALDDS5I6M.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-15T14:29:18Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/4Q4G2KCL6Y7LY4PRGALDDS5I6M.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/INsDxZ-iPjttTN_o1-vj_8pOd5U=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4Q4G2KCL6Y7LY4PRGALDDS5I6M.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/trHxEnQWw-dT6goNE6yjx-XMGc8=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4Q4G2KCL6Y7LY4PRGALDDS5I6M.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/15/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6659114.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786528,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:50:58Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:50:58Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T15:48:04Z","height":853,"_id":"WNLO5VEMLJAKBJGVSW4IB7A4MQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786529,"type":"text","content":"ALLENTOWN, Pennsylvania: This piece, dedicated in 2011, is believed to be the only one in the world that depicts both Dr. King and his wife Coretta Scott King. In it, the couple marches forward, eyes on the horizon, her hand grasping the bend of his arm. An Allentown community activist named Harry A. Roberts spent 15 years trying to bring a statue of the King couple to his hometown, but he died three years before the statue was unveiled in the park that now bears his name. The sculptor, Ed Dwight, has done at least eight sculptures of Dr. King, from Denver to Allentown. Dwight was an advisor for the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial in Washington, D.C., before he left the project and became its biggest critic. Among his criticisms was the sheer scale of the project. He said it didn’t show King’s humanity. (Mark Luethi Photography)","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The Pueblo, Colo. sculptures of MLK and Emmett Till by sculptor Ed Rose. (photo by IckyPic.com)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"a70c5178-1727-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/KD4KXAQAYVEGCOYO2TH2M2X44M.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T16:52:51Z","credits":"by":["name":"IckyPic.com","type":"author","byline":"IckyPic.com","slug":"ickypic-com"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":1000,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:52:51Z","_id":"KD4KXAQAYVEGCOYO2TH2M2X44M","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/M5CERFvK89Gvvt-le2Srz613GIM=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/KD4KXAQAYVEGCOYO2TH2M2X44M.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/M5CERFvK89Gvvt-le2Srz613GIM=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/KD4KXAQAYVEGCOYO2TH2M2X44M.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T16:52:51Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/KD4KXAQAYVEGCOYO2TH2M2X44M.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/M5CERFvK89Gvvt-le2Srz613GIM=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/KD4KXAQAYVEGCOYO2TH2M2X44M.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/-84Oflam_RDEXiJBkGb4wY9D1VU=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/KD4KXAQAYVEGCOYO2TH2M2X44M.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20Pueblo.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786530,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:26Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:26Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:52:51Z","height":624,"_id":"VPJEE6WUAVFB5GTPYTE37ZYVDM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786531,"type":"text","content":"PUEBLO, Colorado: You’d think a pairing of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Emmett Till, would make for a powerful monument. But what got Coloradans talking about the piece when it was originally placed in a Denver park, was the less than life-like rendering of King by the late sculptor Ed Rose. (Rose died in Loganville, GA, in 2009). What really bothered people was the size of King’s head relative to the rest of his body. According to an obituary for Rose in the Denver Post, the foundation that commissioned the piece was so disappointed in the statue it refused to pay Rose. (He got his $35,000 payment after suing the foundation). The piece was so polarizing that it was eventually moved into storage then to a cultural center named for King in Pueblo, Colo. Denver eventually commissioned a new sculpture of King by Ed Dwight. Dwight’s version is thought to be the largest rendering of King outside Washington, D.C.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The Denver sculpture of MLK and other figures, by Ed Dwight. (Andy Cross / The Denver Post)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"c8cec6d0-350e-464e-8bb1-0ad1e98c5d99","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/U2EIREGLUJRARQEA4RVUVSRJ7Y.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","credits":"by":["name":"ANDY CROSS","type":"author","byline":"ANDY CROSS","slug":"andy-cross"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Denver","width":1565,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","_id":"U2EIREGLUJRARQEA4RVUVSRJ7Y","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/nLBSL14o_EV-PK26AnRqc_U4Ebg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2EIREGLUJRARQEA4RVUVSRJ7Y.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/nLBSL14o_EV-PK26AnRqc_U4Ebg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2EIREGLUJRARQEA4RVUVSRJ7Y.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/U2EIREGLUJRARQEA4RVUVSRJ7Y.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/nLBSL14o_EV-PK26AnRqc_U4Ebg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2EIREGLUJRARQEA4RVUVSRJ7Y.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/dF2egOpy2haj8WOSqqqlJxhB1O0=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/U2EIREGLUJRARQEA4RVUVSRJ7Y.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/14/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6655000.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786532,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:08Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:08Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T16:51:42Z","height":1168,"_id":"5N3B73MYAJEXFMEN4P5HTA7PEM","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786533,"type":"text","content":"DENVER: Standing on the shoulders of greatness; that’s the theme Denver sculptor Ed Dwight had in mind when he designed this multifaceted monument in Denver. All of the people depicted toward the base of the sculpture influenced King in some way and were champions of human rights: Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass, Mohandas “Mahatma” Ghandi and Rosa Parks. The bronze and granite work was dedicated in 2002 and stands in the Denver City Park.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The bust of MLK in front of the Brown Chapel AME Church in Selma, Ala. 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(Duvernay made sure to film around the statue for a scene that took place in front of the church.) The church was the local SCLC meeting place during the Civil Rights Movement, and was the starting point of the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches depicted in the film.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The MLK statue in Kelly Ingram Park in Birmingham, Ala. 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The park sits across from the 16th Street Baptist Church, where four girls died in a 1963 firebombing. The park itself was the staging ground for several of Birmingham's largest Civil Rights Movement protests, and where Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor notoriously turned firehoses and police dogs on protesters. No wonder King seems to solidly stand his ground in this statue.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"An MLK statue outside the city hall of Tuzla in Bosnia. 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Hate cannot drive out hate, only love can do that.” Those words, by Martin Luther King, Jr., are inscribed on the pedestal of a statue outside the city hall of Tuzla in Bosnia. The bronze on granite bust was a gift of the U.S. Embassy in Sarajevo to the country that had come through a horrific period of war and genocide. It was dedicated in 2003.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"PENSACOLA, FLA.:  The MLK statue by Ayokunle Odeleye. (courtesy of Ayokunle Odeleye)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"2624691f-ad9e-48ae-87be-374f2c39809c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/4LGP7RZK4JCKSG7CKPID2H6LUA.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-16T20:03:24Z","credits":"by":["name":"Ayokunle Odeleye","type":"author","byline":"Ayokunle Odeleye","slug":"ayokunle-odeleye"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Pensacola, Fla.","width":923,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-16T20:03:24Z","_id":"4LGP7RZK4JCKSG7CKPID2H6LUA","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/f2Vinth2NJ6-l97daoUKeWKCVqg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4LGP7RZK4JCKSG7CKPID2H6LUA.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/f2Vinth2NJ6-l97daoUKeWKCVqg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4LGP7RZK4JCKSG7CKPID2H6LUA.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-16T20:03:24Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/4LGP7RZK4JCKSG7CKPID2H6LUA.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/f2Vinth2NJ6-l97daoUKeWKCVqg=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4LGP7RZK4JCKSG7CKPID2H6LUA.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/tl06yAKIsSF9KAZZYWCEuUGJFEQ=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/4LGP7RZK4JCKSG7CKPID2H6LUA.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/16/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6665103.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786540,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:53:46Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:53:46Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T20:05:09Z","height":609,"_id":"6FWTMHWYYVCVLDOE3WDDUOFLBY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786541,"type":"text","content":"PENSACOLA, Florida.: Kennesaw State University professor and sculptor Ayokunle Odeleye, consulted with Dr. King’s oldest daughter, the late Yolanda King, for this bust dedicated in 1993. Odeleye, who has created major public art works across the nation, said Yolanda King visited his studio at least twice to look at the image before it was cast in bronze and to make suggestions. Odeleye said she told him she wanted input because she had gone to unveilings of other monuments to her father, looked at the sculptures and said “Now who is that?”","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"CHARLOTTE: A statue of MLK by famed African-American artist Selma Burke. 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Martin Luther King, Sr. must have thought something of it, however -- Daddy King was present at its dedication in 1980. The sculpture was created by African-American artist Selma Burke, who also designed FDR's portrait on the dime. You can see examples of her work at Spelman and Clark-Atlanta.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The MLK carving above the Great West Door of Westminster Abbey in London. (John Stillwell / AP)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"827f2b04-1728-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/LMNVSP5QYNE37SGL3LWU2NWYLA.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T16:58:59Z","credits":"by":["affiliation":"PA","name":"JOHN STILLWELL","type":"author","byline":"JOHN STILLWELL","slug":"john-stillwell"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":1000,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:58:59Z","_id":"LMNVSP5QYNE37SGL3LWU2NWYLA","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/DtBNX4dWBnvIN30FzB_vTE6mpDw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/LMNVSP5QYNE37SGL3LWU2NWYLA.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/DtBNX4dWBnvIN30FzB_vTE6mpDw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/LMNVSP5QYNE37SGL3LWU2NWYLA.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T16:58:59Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/LMNVSP5QYNE37SGL3LWU2NWYLA.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/DtBNX4dWBnvIN30FzB_vTE6mpDw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/LMNVSP5QYNE37SGL3LWU2NWYLA.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/Yup4xr3UYf2X9Q9mrBjIuLw2K34=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/LMNVSP5QYNE37SGL3LWU2NWYLA.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20London.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786544,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:25Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:25Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T16:58:59Z","height":755,"_id":"3DHY4H7SYBGBNERBNYZYJE73JI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786545,"type":"text","content":"LONDON: This MLK statue is carved above the Great West Door of Westminster Abbey. It's one of ten statues of 20-Century Christian martyrs that were added to the curch in 1998. Queen Elizabeth II presided over the unveiling.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"“Radiance” by the late Wil Clay and Constancia Gafeney-Brown in Toledo, Ohio. (Nathan E Photography)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"9a266933-ca4b-4ded-b2b0-3ad74d01cfcb","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/Q2AFTQDE4E5L77OV3H534CLAJ4.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-15T14:33:47Z","credits":"by":["name":"Amy E. Voigt","type":"author","byline":"Amy E. Voigt","slug":"amy-e-voigt"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Toledo","width":2625,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-15T14:33:47Z","_id":"Q2AFTQDE4E5L77OV3H534CLAJ4","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/RaVtxlSIzGTQC38q_1ebrIaoC6Q=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/Q2AFTQDE4E5L77OV3H534CLAJ4.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/RaVtxlSIzGTQC38q_1ebrIaoC6Q=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/Q2AFTQDE4E5L77OV3H534CLAJ4.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-15T14:33:47Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/Q2AFTQDE4E5L77OV3H534CLAJ4.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/RaVtxlSIzGTQC38q_1ebrIaoC6Q=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/Q2AFTQDE4E5L77OV3H534CLAJ4.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/jG6xwVqDJmY9krhqTiwj5xsEzR8=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/Q2AFTQDE4E5L77OV3H534CLAJ4.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/15/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6659133.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786546,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:50:58Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:50:58Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T19:59:37Z","height":1848,"_id":"ZZPDFX7DPFANPCT3QTBFRXE6KY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786547,"type":"text","content":"TOLEDO: This might be one of the more unusual monuments to King. “Radiance” by the late Wil Clay and Constancia Gafeney-Brown, is 6 feet of bronze and stainless steel. King has a different expression on the four faces protruding from the stainless steel globe. The globe reflects the face of the viewer and, according to Clay’s obituary the viewer’s reflection is to be a reminder that “we are all one people.” But since its dedication in 1989, the piece has been defaced with paint at least once. The pedestal is inscribed with excerpts from King’s speeches. Ironically, Clay, a children’s book illustrator, was honored in 1993 with the American Library Association’s Coretta Scott King Honor Award. The honor was for his work on the book, “Little Eight John.”","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"A life-sized statue in Raleigh’s MLK Memorial Gardens. (Colin Campbell / The News & Observer)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"5fdecf73-f10e-4abe-a1da-d5821fe505a4","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/CCAIYQAGCVCERIUNRKRQ43MAIE.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","credits":"by":["name":"Colin Campbell","type":"author","byline":"Colin Campbell","slug":"colin-campbell"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Raleigh","width":5184,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","_id":"CCAIYQAGCVCERIUNRKRQ43MAIE","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/2yJYrNRczUxHSXDd7TtZxibD0aY=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CCAIYQAGCVCERIUNRKRQ43MAIE.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/2yJYrNRczUxHSXDd7TtZxibD0aY=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CCAIYQAGCVCERIUNRKRQ43MAIE.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/CCAIYQAGCVCERIUNRKRQ43MAIE.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/2yJYrNRczUxHSXDd7TtZxibD0aY=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CCAIYQAGCVCERIUNRKRQ43MAIE.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/PnvPx8X7wUI77sXZ9YfdVxDklQw=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CCAIYQAGCVCERIUNRKRQ43MAIE.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/14/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6655004.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786548,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:10Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:10Z","publish_date":"2015-01-16T16:56:59Z","height":3456,"_id":"YGUSNYL4KNEGZLLCW72NZB53HE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786549,"type":"text","content":"RALEIGH: This life-sized statue in the MLK Memorial Gardens sits on no podium. It's literally down-to-earth, so that anyone can touch and interact with it. The memorial also includes a bubbling "water monument," next to King's quote, "... until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a might stream."","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"Before and after models of the Rocky Mount statue of MLK. (Alan Campbell, The Rocky Mount Telegram)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"d1cfcdbc-1728-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/FNI4ZUXSCT35RHLNNSLZMM6CIQ.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T17:01:12Z","credits":"by":["affiliation":"AP","name":"ALAN CAMPBELL","type":"author","byline":"ALAN CAMPBELL","slug":"alan-campbell"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":1000,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:01:12Z","_id":"FNI4ZUXSCT35RHLNNSLZMM6CIQ","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/HYaWcCG7iBAlmxS7faPUpIcD-bI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/FNI4ZUXSCT35RHLNNSLZMM6CIQ.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/HYaWcCG7iBAlmxS7faPUpIcD-bI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/FNI4ZUXSCT35RHLNNSLZMM6CIQ.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T17:01:12Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/FNI4ZUXSCT35RHLNNSLZMM6CIQ.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/HYaWcCG7iBAlmxS7faPUpIcD-bI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/FNI4ZUXSCT35RHLNNSLZMM6CIQ.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/3ExBTAjON8YhUuSSwBtDFQcyyms=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/FNI4ZUXSCT35RHLNNSLZMM6CIQ.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20Rocky%20Mount.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786550,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:26Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:26Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:01:12Z","height":600,"_id":"DLOJTVYLWND5ZKC3PHWIW7FCRI","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786551,"type":"text","content":"ROCKY MOUNT, N.C.: This might be the most contentious statue of King ever cast. From the minute the statue was unveiled in 2003, it seemed to split the little town -- were King first spoke the words “I have a dream”-- in two. People said it looked nothing like King. Residents wanted a replacement. The statue was taken down. Another artist was drafted to create a new statue (before and after models shown here, with the new on the left). Nobody liked his draft either. Finally, in 2007, the Rocky Mt. City Council voted to reinstate the original statue in a city park.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The MLK statue at the University of Texas at Austin. (Marsha Miller, University of Texas at Austin)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"09c77148-1729-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/RQJ5D5G2GTWRSCCX2WQ3RCVB7I.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T17:02:46Z","credits":"by":["affiliation":"Associated Press","name":"MARSHA MILLER","type":"author","byline":"MARSHA MILLER","slug":"marsha-miller"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":1000,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:02:46Z","_id":"RQJ5D5G2GTWRSCCX2WQ3RCVB7I","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/M5M5z_2uLPxcV4IbNZfKnjgXAYw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/RQJ5D5G2GTWRSCCX2WQ3RCVB7I.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/M5M5z_2uLPxcV4IbNZfKnjgXAYw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/RQJ5D5G2GTWRSCCX2WQ3RCVB7I.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T17:02:46Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/RQJ5D5G2GTWRSCCX2WQ3RCVB7I.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/M5M5z_2uLPxcV4IbNZfKnjgXAYw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/RQJ5D5G2GTWRSCCX2WQ3RCVB7I.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/xCnlTCPzgcZQdjgtKdkxGRcoG1U=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/RQJ5D5G2GTWRSCCX2WQ3RCVB7I.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20Austin.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786552,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:22Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:22Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:02:46Z","height":619,"_id":"VQQFA2PJQRDRLJ7JORV6RQ74SE","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786553,"type":"text","content":"AUSTIN: In 1999, The University of Texas at Austin became the second campus in the U.S. to have a statue of MLK. The first was King's alma mater of Morehouse.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The larger-than-life statue of MLK in front of the CIvic Center in San Bernardino, Calif. (Carl M. Dameron)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"69f8b694-1729-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/CVU25M6CC5BJOFBE2JG3XMN3TU.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T17:05:27Z","credits":"by":["name":"Carl M. Dameron","type":"author","byline":"Carl M. Dameron","slug":"carl-m-dameron"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":1000,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:05:27Z","_id":"CVU25M6CC5BJOFBE2JG3XMN3TU","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/L9a-x4cEkn1VXEi-hL-OcAZytXI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CVU25M6CC5BJOFBE2JG3XMN3TU.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/L9a-x4cEkn1VXEi-hL-OcAZytXI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CVU25M6CC5BJOFBE2JG3XMN3TU.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T17:05:27Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/CVU25M6CC5BJOFBE2JG3XMN3TU.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/L9a-x4cEkn1VXEi-hL-OcAZytXI=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CVU25M6CC5BJOFBE2JG3XMN3TU.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/65yK3UmxFV9hFSj3wfsE2W4R-YY=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/CVU25M6CC5BJOFBE2JG3XMN3TU.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20San%20Bernadino.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786554,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:25Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:25Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:05:27Z","height":350,"_id":"4EQRLNPOQNFCJLJ4OBNTNKLR3I","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786555,"type":"text","content":"SAN BERNARDINO, CALIF.: When this 11-foot-tall statue was erected in 1981, it was the world's first larger-than-life statue of Martin Luther King, Jr. After more than 30 years of standing in front of the city's Civic Center, the statue was recently repaired when cracks started to show. Now that it looks as good as new, civic groups have plans to add educational elements to the monument.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The "Landmark for Peace Memorial" in MLK Memorial Park in Indianapolis. (Darron Cummings, AP)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"dc098342-9c9e-4680-97a8-e225b170c1f3","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/6FT7IQUDZBXKSUXZY5E4SHJUGA.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","credits":"by":["name":"DARRON CUMMINGS","type":"author","byline":"DARRON CUMMINGS","slug":"darron-cummings"],"subtitle":"MLK statues: Indianapolis","width":2000,"first_publish_date":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","_id":"6FT7IQUDZBXKSUXZY5E4SHJUGA","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/Wyh_GUac2OoP4kYFyCZUePS_Dfw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/6FT7IQUDZBXKSUXZY5E4SHJUGA.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["taxon:news","ajc-hottopics"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/Wyh_GUac2OoP4kYFyCZUePS_Dfw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/6FT7IQUDZBXKSUXZY5E4SHJUGA.jpg","takenOn":"2015-01-14T17:17:56Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/6FT7IQUDZBXKSUXZY5E4SHJUGA.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/Wyh_GUac2OoP4kYFyCZUePS_Dfw=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/6FT7IQUDZBXKSUXZY5E4SHJUGA.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/v4KwccMqgvk8MkGG5z7aou232kA=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/6FT7IQUDZBXKSUXZY5E4SHJUGA.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p6/AJC/2015/01/14/Images/photos.medleyphoto.6654987.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":["headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","_id":"YATEV5LNEPU66TDLE62E6Z2SUI"],"_id":1610722786556,"created_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:02Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-20T17:46:02Z","publish_date":"2015-01-15T17:36:54Z","height":1454,"_id":"WBK7ZRG4JFFJJPKKSIXTW4Q35U","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786557,"type":"text","content":"INDIANAPOLIS: The "Landmark for Peace Memorial" in MLK Memorial Park depicts King reaching out to Robert F. Kennedy. In 1968, Kennedy spoke at the site after the death of King.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The 12-foot-high MLK statue in White Plains, N.Y. (Matthew Brown, The Journal News)","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"308aadca-172b-11e8-8401-ed4dfe8ebc2c","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/667TIKIM3TBGSABMGUVEYRVCU4.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2018-02-21T17:18:10Z","credits":"by":["affiliation":"AP","name":"Matthew Brown","type":"author","byline":"Matthew Brown","slug":"matthew-brown"],"subtitle":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","width":1000,"first_publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:18:10Z","_id":"667TIKIM3TBGSABMGUVEYRVCU4","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/MuT8YdpkO8a-T15XQ4a-8mEHlbA=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/667TIKIM3TBGSABMGUVEYRVCU4.jpg","comments":[],"keywords":["mlk50","spcontent","sp-blackhistorymlk","re:race","georgia-news.ajc","black history"],"proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/MuT8YdpkO8a-T15XQ4a-8mEHlbA=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/667TIKIM3TBGSABMGUVEYRVCU4.jpg","takenOn":"2018-02-21T17:18:10Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/667TIKIM3TBGSABMGUVEYRVCU4.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/MuT8YdpkO8a-T15XQ4a-8mEHlbA=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/667TIKIM3TBGSABMGUVEYRVCU4.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"/resizer/V8qv-DweNFO6BjC5pDIKCKsqJ3Y=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/667TIKIM3TBGSABMGUVEYRVCU4.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p9/AJC/2018/02/21/Images/MLK%20statue%20White%20Plains.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"_id":1610722786558,"created_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:28Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-28T15:02:28Z","publish_date":"2018-02-21T17:18:10Z","height":609,"_id":"OL66TL5SJJGJRDSGGL6KLRTROY","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786559,"type":"text","content":"WHITE PLAINS, New York: This 12-foot-high MLK statue was unveiled in 2007. A youthful-looking King is holding a book in his left hand. What's he reading? The sculptor was quoted as saying that it "could be a Bible, or it could be whatever you think it is."","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"The MLK statue on the University of North Florida campus in Jacksonville by sculptor Jasu Shilpi. 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King himself would have appreciated the fact the same artist, Indian sculptor Jasu Shilpi, had already created a statue of Gandhi next to it.","_id":"4ZF474JLP5CF5FJDEI6QO66H4M","additional_properties":"comments":[],"id":"U11413222528Kzs","_id":1610722786562,"type":"raw_html","content":"


","_id":"MWJ3BKL4EJGSTLB45PATVSRCYQ","additional_properties":"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1610722786563,"type":"text","content":"The 2018 documentary ‘The Last Days of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’ on Channel 2 kicked off a countdown of remembrance across the combined platforms of Channel 2 and its partners, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and WSB Radio."],"display_date":"2021-01-15T15:36:14.349Z","headlines":"basic":"Photos: Martin Luther King statues around the country (and beyond)","first_publish_date":"2020-01-16T15:59:15Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/georgia-news","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Georgia News","description":"This page does not exist","_id":"/news/georgia-news","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","MainMenuRedesign2021":"/news","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"This page does not exist","site_title":"Georgia News","navigation":"nav_title":"Georgia News","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Georgia News","_id":"/news/georgia-news","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"TopNavRedesign":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"MainMenuRedesign2021":["https://www.ajc.com/","/news"],"order":"AmpNav":2012,"default":2012,"SectionMap":1151,"MainMenuRedesign2021":2002,"ComposerNav":1088,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0"],"primary_section":"path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","name":"Black History Month","tags":["text":"mlk50","text":"spcontent","text":"sp-blackhistorymlk","text":"re:race","text":"georgia-news.ajc","text":"black history","text":"corson","text":"rct-content","text":"natworld.ajc"]},"label":"custom_label":"text":"","hide_timestamp":"text":"No","type":"story","last_updated_date":"2021-01-15T15:36:28.914Z","canonical_url":"/news/local/photos-martin-luther-king-statues-around-the-country-and-beyond/oMpTNGO3Bkq2CEqfpvVLEN/","promo_items":"basic":"promo_image":"url":"https://d1fegwn2wjh0cs.cloudfront.net/06-26-2020/t_4d55668da29349989ccf07733e503976_name_1317C1C4C8184C77AC8EAF423BF1AAF7.jpg","credits":,"headlines":"basic":"Governor unveils news MLK statue at Georgia State Capitol","caption":""Homage to King," by Barcelona artist Xavier Medina-Campeny. 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Texas was first, in 1980. Georgia joined in 2011.","_id":"IDYJMCVIU5ANDI55KKGJRRBS2Y","additional_properties":"href":"https://www.ajc.com/lifestyles/holiday/metro-atlanta-observes-juneteenth/F8ISXIT06ybYUbZeQP1ouO/","target":"_self","type":"interstitial_link","content":"RELATED: How Atlanta is marking Juneteenth","url":"https://www.ajc.com/lifestyles/holiday/metro-atlanta-observes-juneteenth/F8ISXIT06ybYUbZeQP1ouO/","_id":"ENKHFCPTVBBOPEENSLR7ZZYS2Y","type":"text","content":"It has not been designated as a federal holiday, which would make it a paid day off for many workers. But some Atlanta-based companies are moving ahead.","_id":"HEXZ7HLHTREUXMOHAKQRKOIZLY","type":"text","content":"Marketing platform Mailchimp is offering it as a company holiday, according to a tweet from CEO Ben Chestnut.","_id":"CMITD53TL5ALROFQNY2VT3LC4A","type":"text","content":"Delivery startup Roadie “also joined the growing list of businesses marking Juneteenth, sometimes called ‘Black Independence Day,’ as a company-wide holiday — this year, and every year,” according to a company release.","_id":"RCHBDGGWVRCCXHNRHMYJ52ZZWQ","additional_properties":"href":"https://www.ajc.com/news/dozens-companies-are-honoring-juneteenth-paid-holiday-here-how-request-the-same-your-company/zVtYZ4IDqSojGvlQdVxlUN/","target":"_self","type":"interstitial_link","content":"RELATED: U.S. companies are honoring Juneteenth as a paid holiday","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/dozens-companies-are-honoring-juneteenth-paid-holiday-here-how-request-the-same-your-company/zVtYZ4IDqSojGvlQdVxlUN/","_id":"BKHSANIS45E3REUBAFMXPYUS3E","type":"text","content":"Other companies, such as Inspire Brands, which owns restaurant chains Arby’s, Buffalo Wild Wings and others, are striking a middle ground. They are not declaring a company holiday, but say they are adding it to a flexible list of days off that employees can choose to enjoy.","_id":"LKZAR52NKZB2TGGJ32XST3L5DI","type":"text","content":"UPS said employees can use their paid time off on Juneteenth "at their discretion." The shipping giant also said it plans to educate employees on the history and meaning of Juneteenth with input from its African American Business Resource Group.","_id":"W3UBK7CE55A3FOBRD6KBGNQVSU","type":"text","content":"Investment firm Invesco said, “Finally, we will be offering Juneteenth as a day of reflection/optional holiday for employees who would like to take the day off to reflect.”","_id":"NJE5CUX4JVGCVLS2OXQF2MH53I","type":"text","content":"Credit agency Equifax is sharing information and history about the day through the company’s internal intranet and hosting “virtual” events. Employees can use their personal time off or choose to take it as “a floating holiday,” which is included in benefits to let employees honor religious, cultural or heritage celebrations.","_id":"GXDQ4OTOB5DIPDYJGPQJ7NTFVU","additional_properties":"href":"https://www.ajc.com/news/local/why-juneteenth-will-take-greater-meaning-this-year/EHubw4wuzW1V3yyAwhvVWK/","target":"_self","type":"interstitial_link","content":"RELATED: Why Juneteenth will take on greater meaning this year","url":"https://www.ajc.com/news/local/why-juneteenth-will-take-greater-meaning-this-year/EHubw4wuzW1V3yyAwhvVWK/","_id":"N6GLR74FBRFATEF3B7MDLJQT34","type":"text","content":"Home Depot said it is having  “a virtual event for associates to come together, have open conversation and celebrate the day.” The retailer said it also has had internal commemorations of Juneteenth in the past.","_id":"SMT7Z3X3HRCWBPART5I4BJTUJQ","type":"text","content":"Beverage giant Coke said “Juneteenth is not a holiday for the company, but we are encouraging our associates to take some time for their own reflection, education and advocacy for social change.”","_id":"PECQMK4PZRCPPMSMPPT4UOH6MM","type":"text","content":"Delta plans to commemorate Juneteenth with a message from CEO Ed Bastian encouraging employees to use the day for reflection, education, action or celebrating with their community. The airline also plans to hold a town hall with employees next Wednesday on systemic racism and injustice, and is reviewing all of its 2021 holidays for more inclusivity.","_id":"IB27OABJMVHVXPS4CJML5FCERA","type":"text","content":"Southern Company, which includes Georgia Power, Southern Company Gas, and Atlanta Gas Light, told The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, “We are currently looking into how we can recognize Juneteenth each year to honor and learn from our culturally and ethnically diverse workforce.”"],"display_date":"2020-06-19T15:15:51Z","headlines":"basic":"Some Georgia companies granting Juneteenth holidays","first_publish_date":"2020-06-19T15:15:51Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/atlanta-news","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Local News","description":"Atlanta Georgia city and county news, as well as Georgia state and regional news at ajc.com","_id":"/news/atlanta-news","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":"/news","TopNav":"/news","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Atlanta Georgia city and county news, as well as Georgia state and regional news at ajc.com","site_title":"Atlanta Local News","navigation":"nav_title":"Local News","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Local News","_id":"/news/atlanta-news","ancestors":"TopNavRedesign":["https://www.ajc.com/","/news"],"TopNav":["/news"],"order":"default":2004,"TopNavRedesign":2004,"TopNav":2002,"ComposerNav":1100,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0"],"primary_section":"path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","name":"Black History Month","tags":["text":"georgia education","text":"labor","text":"juneteenth","text":"black history","text":"local","text":"state"]},"label":"custom_label":"text":"","hide_timestamp":"text":"No","type":"story","last_updated_date":"2020-09-16T02:31:52.370Z","canonical_url":"/news/education/some-georgia-companies-granting-juneteenth-holidays/rLgnNfrrkw4CKoK8iRS1FM/","promo_items":"basic":"credits":,"subtitle":"Several events planned across Central Florida for Juneteenth","width":1279,"type":"image","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/DPQI5KZ7V6RG4NM5IDHM4NXVSU.jpg","height":720,"_id":"6B5GOPZ4UXPTVBB3J4BE3DMQBE"},{"content_elements":["_id":"LA3MALGP6BCA7N3RQXHD3ZVZBI","type":"text","content":"Phyllis C. Starks, 53, believes that saving money, investing it and tithing to her church are the keys to building wealth.","_id":"YQKODPWWK5HEFFFOQY3YYXOME4","type":"text","content":"It’s a lesson the Cobb County resident shares with nieces, nephews and younger African Americans she encounters, hoping they won’t make frivolous money decisions she made in her early 20s when Starks spent more money on shoes than she saved.","_id":"42ZYW6Q2JBAGBB5VIIZZNWVEG4","additional_properties":"class":["p"],"type":"text","content":">> AJC BLACK HISTORY MONTH: ATLANTA AND BLACK WEALTH: Success for many, but not for all","_id":"JSSJO65AYNANTGMAKBRRFCSKUA","type":"text","content":"African Americans in metro Atlanta have a higher homeownership rate, median incomes and own more businesses than nearly any region in the nation. But there’s still many African Americans — 30% in the city of Atlanta — who live below the federal poverty rate of $26,000 a year for a family of four.","owner":"id":"ajc","workflow":"status_code":4,"caption":"Though Phyllis C. Starks still loves shoes, the Cobb County woman spends her money more wisely now — and focuses more on saving and investing it — than when she spoke to an Atlanta Journal-Constitution reporter for a story in 1995. ","source":"system":"Methode","source_type":"other","source_id":"cfea2f32-54b7-11ea-9a99-58ea23925e0b","additional_properties":"editor":"photo center","type":"image","distributor":"mode":"reference","reference_id":"8aec2b8c-455c-4816-903d-79fc8fdf8019","version":"0.10.3","url":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/VBZCI4SN7AWN3FFHA4Q7SONQN4.jpg","licensable":false,"display_date":"2020-02-22T12:00:00Z","credits":,"subtitle":"Atlanta and black wealth: Success for many, but not for all","width":2048,"first_publish_date":"2020-02-22T12:00:00Z","_id":"VBZCI4SN7AWN3FFHA4Q7SONQN4","additional_properties":"fullSizeResizeUrl":"/photo/resize/GZalBxj6vXubMd3IBSzbEqnxgEM=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/VBZCI4SN7AWN3FFHA4Q7SONQN4.jpg","proxyUrl":"/photo/resize/GZalBxj6vXubMd3IBSzbEqnxgEM=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/VBZCI4SN7AWN3FFHA4Q7SONQN4.jpg","takenOn":"2020-02-22T12:00:00Z","originalUrl":"https://cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/ajc/VBZCI4SN7AWN3FFHA4Q7SONQN4.jpg","published":true,"resizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/GZalBxj6vXubMd3IBSzbEqnxgEM=/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/VBZCI4SN7AWN3FFHA4Q7SONQN4.jpg","thumbnailResizeUrl":"http://thumbor-prod-us-east-1.photo.aws.arc.pub/s5gZDqO8RqqJuunNToCIzS_e2M8=/300x0/arc-anglerfish-arc2-prod-ajc/public/VBZCI4SN7AWN3FFHA4Q7SONQN4.jpg","version":0,"originalName":"https://www.ajc.com//rw/Pub/p11/AJC/2020/02/22/Images/newsEngin.25080526_022320-BHMSunday-Black-Wealth-10.jpg","mime_type":"image/jpeg","restricted":false,"galleries":[],"publicationStartDate":"2020-02-22T12:00:00Z","created_date":"2020-06-29T21:13:07Z","last_updated_date":"2020-06-29T21:13:07Z","publish_date":"2020-02-22T12:00:00Z","height":1496,"_id":"RN753377ABEPBLQSSWXKPMLBCU","type":"text","content":"Starks works two jobs and owns two homes. She inherited one home, located in Atlanta’s Edgewood neighborhood, when her father died about a decade ago. Starks rents the home, which has helped her finances. She’s determined not to sell it although others in the area have done so.","_id":"ZKEUUHD4PJCQNB46QA4QHVEYYY","type":"text","content":"“It’s my legacy,” Starks, who was born in Atlanta’s Grady Memorial Hospital and is a proud “Grady baby, said of the home.","_id":"E2337ZVCZFER3AM7GMAKOUPM4M","additional_properties":"class":["p"],"type":"text","content":"Read more about how Atlanta has become a destination for many African Americans seeking financial prosperity and the efforts by large national companies, mid-size nonprofits and black-owned businesses and everyday Atlantans like Starks to help others create wealth.","_id":"RESTBBVZAFCQVOKGHCIPDXMOQU","additional_properties":"class":["p"],"type":"text","content":"Read all of the AJC's Black History Month coverage here."],"display_date":"2020-02-23T11:00:00Z","headlines":"basic":"‘It’s my legacy’: A Grady baby’s path to building financial wealth","first_publish_date":"2020-02-21T23:12:29Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/business","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Business","description":"Atlanta business news, Georgia company news, blogs and videos from The Atlanta Journal-Constitution","_id":"/news/business","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","MainMenuRedesign2021":"/news","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Atlanta business news, Georgia company news, blogs and videos from The Atlanta Journal-Constitution","site_title":"Atlanta Business news and updates","navigation":"nav_title":"Business","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Business","_id":"/news/business","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"TopNavRedesign":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"MainMenuRedesign2021":["https://www.ajc.com/","/news"],"order":"AmpNav":2006,"default":2006,"SectionMap":1038,"MainMenuRedesign2021":2005,"ComposerNav":1082,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/atlanta-news","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Local News","description":"Atlanta Georgia city and county news, as well as Georgia state and regional news at ajc.com","_id":"/news/atlanta-news","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":"/news","TopNav":"/news","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Atlanta Georgia city and county news, as well as Georgia state and regional news at ajc.com","site_title":"Atlanta Local News","navigation":"nav_title":"Local News","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Local News","_id":"/news/atlanta-news","ancestors":"TopNavRedesign":["https://www.ajc.com/","/news"],"TopNav":["/news"],"order":"default":2004,"TopNavRedesign":2004,"TopNav":2002,"ComposerNav":1100,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0"],"primary_section":"path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","name":"Black History Month","tags":["text":"ajcsepia","text":"spcontent","text":"sp-blackhistorymonth","text":"business-economy.ajc","text":"atlanta-news-metro.ajc"]},"label":"custom_label":"text":"","hide_timestamp":"text":"No","type":"story","last_updated_date":"2020-09-15T08:31:31.990Z","canonical_url":"/news/special-reports/legacy-grady-baby-path-building-financial-wealth/gK0TnxOTkgyHd1G3itWOoI/","promo_items":"basic":"promo_image":"url":"https://d1fegwn2wjh0cs.cloudfront.net/06-29-2020/t_7d991b9ecfb84c51ba6ead33fa263abf_name_045EB89E31B44598B4480AE615EFC5D8_2.jpg","credits":,"headlines":"basic":"AJC ,"caption":"ATLANTA 02-20-20 - Phyllis C. Starks explains her approach to investing. A 'Grady baby' who lives in Cobb County, Starks has taken advice from her father and others to make better financial decisions than she did when she was in her early 20s. ( Eric Stirgus / [email protected] Tyson Horne / [email protected])","type":"video","promo_items":"basic":"caption":"AJC ,"_id":"4DORYSU23PI74BJSHWB32D6NNY"},{"content_elements":["_id":"NMBDLTMJZBC6LMJKOL7SJFPECA","additional_properties":"class":["p"],"type":"text","content":"When Tyler Perry told the audience at the 2019 BET Awards that "while you're fighting for a seat at the table, I'll be down in Atlanta building my own," Sheletta Brundidge was listening.","_id":"VCOBVPNZKJFSBFUVM3CLLVU63E","type":"text","content":"Brundidge is a producer at WCCO Radio in Minneapolis and host of the Two Haute Mamas podcast.","_id":"GSIORYYBJZF43O3CEEWF3CURD4","additional_properties":"class":["p"],"type":"text","content":"» Celebrating Black History Month in Atlanta","_id":"EJUBYMVSTJHKXPNT7KN4DWUKEE","type":"text","content":"When Perry — who received the Ultimate Icon Award that night — spoke, Brundidge said she “felt that in my toenails.”","_id":"OY7HNFU25JGANJTEEJIVITQWH4","type":"text","content":"“He said to build our own table. So I started the site,” she wrote in a Twitter message. “Then he said help somebody cross. So I went and grabbed a few folks and brought them over with me.”","_id":"6U3MH63D2FHONC4IZYIDGSHXZ4","type":"text","content":"It was in Atlanta, during the She Podcasts conference this past October, where Brundidge learned to put it all together.","_id":"35U5T37CXNC4JINQ765M4KFK6I","additional_properties":"class":["p"],"type":"text","content":"The result is the podcast platform SHEletta Makes Me Laugh. Among the podcasts are "The Teen Whisperer," with Minneapolis-based counselor Jason Clopton; "J.E.T. Setting Divas," with globe-trotting travelers Jeanette, Evette and Tina; and "Mommy & Me," which Brundidge does with her 13-year-old son, Andrew.","_id":"EP7I4DV4H5ANHLRXWIWNMRGZQQ","type":"text","content":"“We are perfect foils,” Brundidge said of her son. “But he comes up with his own topics. By the time we have our preshow meeting, he already has 10 ideas, and I pick the final two. He’s a natural.”","_id":"DIBTSD476ZCM7EVHGSU2NUID7A","type":"text","content":"Why did Andrew get involved?","_id":"324BQTYEKNF55DKQG3H3CRQY4Y","additional_properties":"class":["p"],"type":"text","content":""I watch the news every morning and I only see a positive thing about a young black man about once a week. I wanted to help shine the spotlight on some of them and help them be known for what they're doing," he told KARE in Minneapolis.","_id":"CXZZTJVVDBDYXGXQYWVJCYXPTA","type":"text","content":"Andrew was one of those positive stories in December. When a fire destroyed a building that houses the homeless in downtown Minneapolis, Andrew and brother Brandon decided to donate their Christmas presents to the kids who lost what little they had.","_id":"267EMPEWLVEEFIGV4C4XAGR4O4","type":"text","content":""I decided we should take some of our Christmas gifts and donate them to the kids and people that lost things in the fire, since they're probably having a rough Christmas," Andrew told CBSN Minnesota.","_id":"6JCSP2FVJBD3NHOJSENTT7RCMU","type":"text","content":"He gave his autographed Kyrie Irving basketball sneakers to one boy “to help inspire him and help him keep pushing through tough times,” Andrew said.","_id":"O5G3LPIEFNHMLM4MRLUJHVG5PY","type":"text","content":"Brandon donated his new Uno card game.","_id":"NF6BB5MARJBHRKUOUAPCGGFZOA","type":"text","content":"“I decided to give it away because I was so excited to play it,” he said.","_id":"PF3NZRHWOJD4TDWXWIUV2JMN6U","type":"text","content":"If the Brundidge name sounds familiar, it’s because another Atlanta entertainer inspired the family last year.","_id":"YCMMFFZL5VFBFCCQCC4HW43PDI","type":"text","content":"On June 4, Brundidge tweeted: “My son Daniel has #autism and doesn’t talk. We caught him humming the @LilNasX and @billyraycyrus tune the other day. Then Bless God, my baby started singing the song on his own. His therapists have started to use it in his sessions!”","_id":"5GDQ7HK2JRFF5K3KF7NUDEKEYA","additional_properties":"id":"U08828600512Zwu","type":"raw_html","content":"

","_id":"V26IZNKLGNDFDNZDM7SGDGMWAA","type":"text","content":"» Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' inspires nonverbal autistic boy to sing","_id":"IMG3MKTREBCUREU73WHRBAQ25Y","type":"text","content":"» Lil Nas X calls mother of nonverbal autistic boy who sang 'Old Town Road'","_id":"J5BYALBC55FC7HUR6FG22UBJHQ","type":"text","content":"The Lithia Springs High School grad, whose real name is Montero Lamar Hill, even called Brundidge to offer her and Daniel his support.","_id":"E444SUAYDVHNTNL4FHFISENBWY","type":"text","content":"“I’m happy that my blessings have rubbed off on you guys. And, yeah, I’m here to help in any kind of way that you need me to,” Lil Nas X told Brundidge when he called her at work. “You have my number, and I wanted to make sure you know that.”","_id":"WJ3CBVFN3NH7PFUA32JOKIWE54","type":"text","content":"In addition to "Mommy & Me," there is a podcast on her new platform that hits home for Brundidge— "Taking Authority Over Autism."","_id":"TDIZWI3K25CGBEYAM4CTWSVO6A","type":"text","content":"Brundidge and her husband, Shawn, have four children. The three youngest all have been diagnosed with autism. Her podcast “gives moms and dads the tools they need to succeed on their autism journey.”","_id":"DQNOL7UQ5VCXJAQJLZTDUOCOFI","additional_properties":"id":"U22165742708cOg","type":"raw_html","content":"","_id":"LNV5JZRYEJDPRC4O7CDB5VIGLE","type":"text","content":"Brundidge launched her new platform February 1, in honor of Black History Month.","_id":"AVU5LXFQCVFPZD6EAQ7B3TTNEU","type":"text","content":""We're actually going to be making history in Black History Month and I'm so excited about that," she told KARE."],"display_date":"2020-02-01T18:57:00Z","headlines":"basic":"How a Tyler Perry speech inspired a podcasting platform","first_publish_date":"2020-02-13T12:05:48Z","taxonomy":{"sections":["path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"Black History Month","description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"Learn about black history and the story of the civil rights movement in Atlanta, the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr. From The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.","site_title":"Black History Month","navigation":"nav_title":"Black History Month","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"Black History Month","_id":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"order":"AmpNav":2016,"default":2016,"SectionMap":1133,"ComposerNav":1091,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0","path":"/news/sepia","parent":"default":"/news","_website":"ajc","parent_id":"/news","name":"AJC Sepia","description":"AJC Sepia provides sophisticated coverage of important issues in the black community","_id":"/news/sepia","additional_properties":"original":"parent":"AmpNav":"/news","default":"/news","BottomNav":null,"TopNavRedesign":null,"SectionMap":"https://www.ajc.com/","MainMenuRedesign2021":"/life","ComposerNav":"https://www.ajc.com/","site":"section_comments_enabled":"Yes","site_description":"AJC Sepia provides sophisticated coverage of important issues in the black community","site_title":"AJC Sepia","navigation":"nav_title":"AJC Sepia","inactive":false,"node_type":"section","_website":"ajc","name":"AJC Sepia","_id":"/news/sepia","ancestors":"AmpNav":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"default":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"BottomNav":[],"TopNavRedesign":[],"SectionMap":["https://www.ajc.com/"],"MainMenuRedesign2021":["https://www.ajc.com/","/life"],"order":"AmpNav":2019,"default":2019,"SectionMap":1147,"MainMenuRedesign2021":2008,"ComposerNav":1095,"type":"section","version":"0.6.0"],"tags":["text":"rct-content","text":"rct-content-nc","text":"spcontent","text":"sepia","text":"technology","text":"natworld.ajc","text":"kissajc","text":"sp-uplift"],"primary_section":"path":"/news/martin-luther-king-jr","name":"Black History Month"},"label":"custom_label":"text":"","hide_timestamp":"text":"No","type":"story","last_updated_date":"2020-07-10T02:36:22.879Z","canonical_url":"/entertainment/how-tyler-perry-speech-inspired-podcasting-platform/0VGPmr5uiA279EdYhNzPUJ/","promo_items":"basic":"promo_image":"url":"https://d1fegwn2wjh0cs.cloudfront.net/06-29-2020/t_aa5669ee40004f828e55a499153e2a58_name_fceadcecdcd144c1a71214f860c24013.jpg","credits":,"headlines":"basic":"New podcast platform launches","caption":"Inspired by a Tyler Perry speech, Sheletta Brundidge has launched her own podcast platform.","type":"video","promo_items":"basic":"caption":"New podcast platform launches","type":"image","url":"https://d1fegwn2wjh0cs.cloudfront.net/06-29-2020/t_aa5669ee40004f828e55a499153e2a58_name_fceadcecdcd144c1a71214f860c24013.jpg","_id":"Q64NXIX5SNX5HWOK37O4BJWVO4"}],"additional_properties":"took":47,"timed_out":false,"count":94,"next":30,"_id":"f62872b9fa896feb41bfa653cf880035691fb37e40f419f429f7c92d70a8f58a"},"expires":1643919582308,"lastModified":1643919282308}}};Fusion.layout="article-basic";Fusion.metas=;Fusion.outputType="default";Fusion.template="template/article";Fusion.tree="collection":"layouts","type":"article-basic","props":"collection":"layouts","type":"article-basic","id":"article-basic","childProps":["collection":"sections","id":0],"children":["collection":"sections","props":"collection":"sections","id":0,"children":[]];Fusion.spa=false;Fusion.spaEnabled=false;

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