An undergraduate thesis is completed in the final year of the degree alongside existing seminar lecture or laboratory courses, and is often divided into two presentations: proposal and thesis presentations though this varies across universitieswhereas a master thesis or doctorate dissertation is accomplished in the last term alone and is defended once.
The defense is done in a public presentation in which teachers, students, and the general public can participate.
Defending the Work Once students submit their theses papers to the thesis committee, they will be assigned a date to defend their work. Seeking approval for your dissertation proposal, the foundation of all your research activities, will also entail a bit of defense. You may want to provide bound copies of your work to your chair, committee members, family and friends.
Your presentation material should briefly cover the research question, literature review as it relates to your theory, methods and analysis, major findings and recommendations for future research.
Another term for an oral examination is Kolloquium, which generally refers to a usually public scientific discussion and is often used synonymously with Verteidigung. Typical duration for the total exam is 1 hour 30 minutes for the MSc and 3 hours for the PhD.
First, half-forgotten references and lab work will be fresh in your mind, instead of buried somewhere in a few hundred pages of print. Next day attend to the revisions the committee asked you make to the work. The viva preparation checklist may be useful to help you prepare.
The typical format will see the candidate giving a short 20—minute presentation of his or her research, followed by one to two hours of questions. I rather enjoyed my dissertation experience. Length is often given in page count and depends upon departments, faculties, and fields of study.
At most U. The exam typically extends over 3 hours.
In any category where the Committee's judgment is unanimous, or nearly so in that at most one examiner dissentsthe Chair will express it using the check-boxes on the Chair's Report form. Evaluation options available to the Examining Committee are: The dissertation is satisfactory, provided suitable revisions are made if required No revision or only minor revisions are required.
The minimum page length is generally and not formally pages or aboutcharactersbut is usually several times longer except for technical theses and for "exact sciences" such as physics and maths. The Candidate's oral proficiency in the language of the examination must be adequate for full communication between the Examination Committee and the Candidate.
Inviting the External Examiner to participate in the Final Oral Defence is at the discretion of the Research Supervisor; Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies will not extend such an invitation. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced.
A copy of these instructions is provided to the Examining Committee approximately one week before the Oral Defence.
Thesis - Wikipedia The thesis must be revised extensively and undergo the evaluation and defense process again from the beginning with the same examiners.
It also includes laying out the rationale behind your choices and decisions, for example, regarding theory selection and research methods. Examiners have different personalities, styles and levels of experience.
It is also fairly rare for a thesis to be accepted without any revisions; the most common outcome of a defense is for the examiners bath spa university creative writing staff specify minor revisions which the candidate typically completes in a few days or weeks.
Recording the Examination See Recording the Examination. You may also be required to provide copies to your department and library. To discuss this possibility, contact the Doctoral Exams office at least 4 weeks before the Oral Defence date. The examination board typically involves 5 to 6 scholars including the advisor or other experts with a PhD degree generally at least half of them must be external to the university where the candidate defends the thesis, but it may depend on the University.
France[ edit ] The cover of the thesis presented by Claude Bernard to obtain his Doctorate of Medicine High-quality research papers presented as the empirical study of a "postgraduate" consecutive bachelor with Honours or Baccalaureatus Cum Honore degree are called thesis Honours Seminar Thesis.
In the UK the supervisor does not participate in the viva, but may be allowed to observe. The dissertation is unacceptable; it is fundamentally flawed and therefore beyond revision.
Your institution may offer courses on viva preparation and there may be opportunities to organise a practice viva. Many large scientific publishing houses e. North America[ edit ] In North America, the thesis defense or dissertation defence meaning defense is the final examination for doctoral candidates, and sometimes for master's candidates. Remember that you aren't arguing points when you defend your work.
Or ask your chairs what questions and issues might be raised during the defense. An oral viva is conducted after the examiners have submitted their reports to the university.
Malaysia[ edit ] Like the British model, the PHD or MPhil student is required to submit their theses or dissertation for examination by two or three examiners. However, some universities permit members of the faculty or the university to attend. Pakistan[ edit ] In Pakistan, at undergraduate level the thesis is usually called final year project, as it is completed in the senior year of the degree, the name project usually implies that the work carried out is less extensive than a thesis and bears lesser credit hours too.
Dissertation defence meaning